This working paper uses “centrality” metrics to reflect the changing structure of global value chains. It contrasts central hubs and peripheral countries and sectors, and examines how these changes impact firm productivity.
This work sheds light on the quantity and type of training needed to facilitate job-to-job transitions. It aims to inform design of well-targeted and cost-effective training policies facilitating workers’ mobility on the labour market, smoothing transition costs, and fostering (re)employment and well-being.
This study proposes a taxonomy of sectors according to the extent to which they have gone digital. The taxonomy accounts for some of the key facets of the digital transformation, and recognises that sectors differ in their development and adoption of the most advanced “digital” technologies, in the human capital needed to embed them in production and in the extent to which digital tools are used to deal with clients and suppliers.
While the size-wage and size-productivity premia are significantly weaker in market services compared to manufacturing, the link between wages and productivity is stronger. The combination of these results suggests that in a service economy the “size-wage premium” becomes more a “productivity-wage premium”.
English, PDF, 398kb
Peer platform markets bring opportunities and advantages but also raise new policy and regulatory challenges, including consumer protection issues. This document highlights some of the key themes and issues raised during the discussions at an OECD workshop held in November 2017.
Recent breakthroughs in gene editing techniques have ushered in a new era for gene editing and health innovation. This report is the result of an expert meeting to explore the core scientific, legal, regulatory and societal challenges facing the responsible development and use of gene editing in somatic cells for advanced therapies.
Governments, funders and companies around the world are making unprecedented investments in brain research and the development of neurotechnologies. This report provides a summary of main discussion points emerging from an expert consultation that aimed to identify and classify cutting-edge neurotechnologies and the ethical, legal, social, economic and cultural issues that arise with them.
English, PDF, 177kb
The results highlight that while continued implementation efforts are needed, the Recommendation continues to be relevant and appropriate to further the objectives set out when it was adopted in 2003.
English, PDF, 2,343kb
Despite the benefits and convenience of e-commerce, the ease and speed with which consumers can engage in online transactions – at anytime, anywhere, and in particular across borders – may create situations that are unfamiliar to them and put their interests at risk. This toolkit provides a set of principles and practices for protecting digital consumers and enhancing trust in e-commerce.