Most OECD governments use tax incentives to encourage businesses to invest in research and development (R&D) to boost innovation and drive economic growth. Others, like China, India and South Africa, are doing the same. But reforming these incentives would give countries a better return on their investment and support young innovative firms that play a crucial role in job creation, according to a new OECD report.
In many OECD countries, investment in intangible assets is growing rapidly. In some cases this investment matches or exceeds investment in traditional capital such as machinery, equipment and buildings.
The future sustainability of health systems will depend on how well governments are able to anticipate and respond to efficiency and quality of care challenges. Bold action is required, as well as willingness to test innovative care delivery approaches. This book examines the whole new world of possibilities in using mobiles and the Internet to address healthcare challenges.
This publication reviews progress made since 2008 and identifies areas for future work. It demonstrates that the Internet economy has now reached a point where it has become a new source of growth, with the potential to boost the whole economy, to foster innovation, competitiveness and user participation, and to contribute effectively to the prosperity of society as a whole.
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Governments have a fiscal and social responsibility to ensure that limited research and development resources are used wisely and cost-effectively in support of social, economic, and scientific aspirations. Countries that wish to promote the continued responsible development of nanotechnology will, however, need quantitative data on the economic impact of nanotechnology to guide further investment and policy decisions.
This paper proposes an exploratory characterisation of firms’ patenting behaviours across 15 countries. The stylised facts proposed are meant to serve as a basis for broader policy relevant analyses, and as a starting point for a more informed discussion on the role of country-specific framework conditions in explaining the observed differences in firm behaviours and outcomes.
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Prepared for the 2013 G20 Summit in Saint Petersburg, this joint OECD-WTO-UNCTAD report analyses the functioning of global value chains and their relationship with trade and investment flows, development and jobs.
This book discusses scientific and technological tools at the centre of a renewed interest in marine biotechnology that is contributing to a new bioeconomy sector in many countries and offering potential new solutions to global challenges.
This report presents the findings of a research project to investigate the drivers and criteria shaping the application of genomic biotechnology to health in different national settings, and the barriers to implementation nationally and internationally. Findings are based on case studies on Finland, Israel, Luxembourg, Mexico, the United Kingdom, China and South Africa.
This report aims at analysing key parts of the Internet economy and how they contribute to an inclusive development in emerging and developing countries. It looks at increasing access to the Internet economy; promoting use of health, education and mobile banking applications; developing skills for the Internet economy; and the role of innovation and new business models such as cloud computing for developing and emerging countries.