|Science and technology||Biotechnology|
Published every two years in print and on line, the OECD Science, Technology and Industry (STI) Scoreboard brings together internationally comparable indicators. It has become a widely used reference which combines statistical rigour with easy access and readability.
Updated twice a year, this publication provides a set of indicators that reflect the level and structure of the efforts undertaken by OECD Member countries and nine non-member economies (Argentina, China, Israel, Romania, Russian Federation, Singapore, Slovenia, South Africa, Chinese Taipei) in the field of science and technology. These data include final or provisional results as well as forecasts established by government authorities.
This biennial publication aims to inform policy makers and analysts on recent and future changes in global science, technology and innovation (STI) patterns and their potential implications on and for national and international STI policies.
RDS provides a wide range of recent data on the resources devoted to R&D in all OECD countries and the nine non-member economies featured in MSTI. The statistical series start from 1981 and cover, inter alia, expenditures by source of funds, type of costs, and R&D personnel by occupation in both headcounts and full-time equivalents on R&D. Data are detailed at national level by performance sector and, for enterprises, by industry.
As the internationally recognised methodology for collecting and using R&D statistics, the Frascati Manual is an essential tool for statisticians worldwide. It includes definitions of basic concepts, data collection guidelines, and classifications for compiling statistics.
The key tables on science and technology include data on research and development, and telecommunications. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.
Statistics on biotechnology firms, biotechnology R&D (including public sector expenditures), biotech applications and patents.
The objective of this database is to allow regulatory officials in the OECD member countries to easily share basic information on products derived from the use of modern biotechnology, as well as some products with novel traits acquired by the use of conventional breeding or mutagenesis, that have been approved for commercial application in terms of food, feed or environmental safety.
This inventory aims to provide an accurate assessment of the current state of biotechnology statistics in OECD member and observer countries.
It is strongly recommended that collection agencies provide survey respondents with both the single definition of biotechnology and the list-based definition. It is further recommended that statistical agencies provide an “Other (please specify)” category when using the list-based definition categories as question items. This will allow respondents to report biotechnology techniques that fit the single but not the list-based definition and will thus assist in updating the list-based definition.
The OECD Biotechnology Statistics 2009 edition brings together the latest available economic and activity data on biotechnology and innovation, collected by OECD member and non-member countries. The report builds on the extensive work of the OECD and national experts to improve the comparability of biotechnology statistics.
The development and application of biotechnology has the potential for far-reaching economic, social and environmental impacts. It is therefore important to outline a statistical framework to guide the measurement of biotechnology activity. This Framework is intended to provide the basis for statistical compilation work within OECD member countries and those non-member countries wishing to adopt the standards.
In 2004 the OECD initiated the development of eChemPortal, a global portal to information on chemical substances, in response to the request by the World Summit on Sustainable Development to improve the availability of hazard data on chemicals. eChemPortal is also a contribution to the Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management (SAICM), and especially its recommendation to "Facilitate public access to appropriate information and knowledge of chemicals throughout their life cycle..."