“OECD Workshop on Transforming Innovation to Address Social Challenges”, held at the OECD Headquarters in Paris on 9-10 November 2009
Workshop proceedings NEW!
Hosted by OECD, JST-RISTEX and MEXT (Japan) in collaboration with:The Research Council of Norway (Norway); Interministerial Knowledge and Innovation Programme-Directorate (The Netherlands); The Centre for Technology and Society (Germany) and The European Commission
Monday, 9 November 2009
Mr. Itaru Watanabe, Senior Deputy Director-General, Science and Technology Policy Bureau, Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports and Technology, Japan
Mr. Tateo Arimoto, Director-General, Research Institute of Science and Technology for Society, Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST-RISTEX) (Co-organiser and Host).
Mr. Andrew Wyckoff, Director, Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry (OECD).
Opening Session : Looking back and looking forward
This opening session examined the results of the first CSTP workshop “Fostering Innovation for Social Challenges” notably as regards the integration of the social dimension in research and innovation policies and presented the imperatives for weaving the social with the technological in the area of innovation in order to be able to tackle the grand challenges in the future.
Overall Chair: Dr. Yuko Harayama, Professor, Tohoku University
Review of Expert Workshop in May 2009
Mr. Jean Claude Burgelman, Advisor, Directorate General for Research, Directorate Science, Economy and Society, European Commission (EC)
Social Innovation for Post Crisis Growth: Adapting to the Knowledge Society
Session 1: Enhance the capacity of the society to address social challenges through Innovation
Three keynote speakers followed on the previous session and presented examples of how capacity building could be achieved. How could innovation systems integrate society in innovation and innovation in society?
Session Chair: Mr. Jean Claude Burgelman, Advisor, Directorate General for Research, Directorate Science, Economy and Society, European Commission (EC).
Dr. Jos. Leijten, Joint Institute for Innovation Policy, Belgium
Mr. Alan Marcus, Director, Information Technology & Telecommunications, World Economic Forum, United States
Mr. Robby Berloznik, Director, Institute Society and Technology, Flemish Parliament, Belgium
Session 2: Pushing the boundaries of innovation policies beyond technology: Best practices
Innovation policy in most OECD countries has focused on technological innovation. However, many innovators do not have solely nor mainly technological aims, they seek to develop technological innovations for political or social purposes. This session aimed to look at how modern-day innovation policy can draw on the role of social innovators and social entrepreneurs who have blurred the boundaries between technological and non-technological forms of innovation to accomplish social goals.
Session Chair: Dr. Hans-Liudger Dienel, Director, The Centre for Technology and Society; CEO, Nexus Institute for Cooperation Management and Interdisciplinary Research, Germany
Case presenter: Dr. Raban Fuhrmann, The Centre for Technology and Society (TU-Berlin), Germany
Social technologies to address social needs. A procedural approach in Germany.
Case presenter: Prof. Meinrad Armbruster, Professor, University of Applied Sciences Magdeburg, Germany, Ashoka Fellow Governmental and private support for social entrepreneurs: Experiences in founding "Parents Community"
Discussant: Prof. Matteo Bonifacio, Bureau of European Policy Advisers, European Commission
Case presenters: Mr. Takahiro Kawahara and Dr. Sawako Shigeto, Research Institute of Science and Technology for Society (RISTEX), Japan
Case presenter: Ms. Laura Bunt, Policy Advisory, The National Endowment for Science, Technology and the Arts. (NESTA), United Kingdom
Discussant: Dr. Masaru Yarime, Associate Professor, Graduate Programme in Sustainability Science (GPSS) Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, University of Tokyo
Session 3: Building new Partnerships between stakeholders
What forms of policies could support innovation to address social challenges? Would we need different innovation governance? What are the necessary capacities for doing both ‘governance by design’ as well as ‘governance through dynamics’? The complex matter of addressing social challenges by innovations asks for new forms of co-operation between different worlds. It asks for open interaction between government, industry, knowledge institutions and social organisations. It is this interaction that defines the success. One of the challenging tasks for policy (makers) will be to foster collective experimentation (or collective innovation). This session explored some of the possibilities: building new partnerships between stakeholders.
Session Co- Chairs: Ms. Karen de Ruijter, Program Manager, Innovation Agendas on Societal Issues, Interministerial Knowledge and Innovation Program-Directorate, The Netherlands
Ms. Elisabeth Gulbrandsen, Special Adviser, Division for Strategic Priorities, Department for Future Technologies, The Research Council of Norway
Mr. Robert Arnkil, Work Research Centre, Tampere University, Finland
Future dialogues in building New Partnerships
Mr. Per Koch, Director for Analysis and Strategy Development, The Research Council of Norway
Rapporteurs’ Day 1 summary
Tuesday, 10 November 2009
Session 4: Interactive panel discussion among stakeholders and actors
This session brought together actors/speakers from the previous sessions and other actors to identify the lessons for stakeholders and for policy makers. Panelists should address issues such as the respective role of the different stakeholders in mobilising innovation for social challenges.
Session Chair: Dr. Yuko Harayama, Professor, Tohoku University
Social actor: Dr. Philip Goodwin, Programme Area Leader for the Creative and Knowledge Economy, British Council
Non-Government actor: Dr. Christelle Van Ham, Venture Director, France, Ashoka: Innovators for the Public
Business actor: Mr. Daisuke Shintani, Mitsui Global Strategic Studies Institute, Global Economics & Regional Studies Div. Research Fellow, Japan
International perspective: Ms. Antonella Noya, OECD Centre for Entrepreneurship/Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED)
Knowledge actor: : Prof. Matteo Bonifacio, Bureau of European Policy Advisers, European Commission
Government Actor: Prof. Ryuji Shimoda, Integrated Research Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology
Concluding Session : Wrap-up and next steps
The session presented conclusions of the workshop and the main policy messages that will be provided to stakeholders and policymakers with a view to incorporating the key messages for governments in the OECD Innovation Strategy.
Rapporteur’s Summary: Mr. Philippe Larrue, Technopolis, France
Closing remarks: Dr. Iain Gillespie, Head of the Science and Technology Policy Division (OECD)