Innovation in science, technology and industry

OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2014

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Published on November 12, 2014


The OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2014 reviews key trends in science, technology and innovation (STI) policies, and performance in more than 45 economies, including OECD countries and major emerging economies. The report draws on the latest OECD work on science and innovation policy analysis and measurement.

Following an overview of the STI global landscape and policy trends, key policy issues are discussed across a series of thematic policy profiles. The third section examines individual STI country performances, along with the most recent national policy developments. These global and national policy trends are monitored by a unique international policy survey conducted by the OECD every two years.

SUMMARIESavailable in 25 languages

English OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2014
French Science, technologie et industrie : Perspectives de l'OCDE 2014
Spanish Perspectivas de la OCDE sobre Ciencia, Tecnología e Industria 2014
German OECD-Wissenschafts-, Technologie- und Industrieausblick 2014
Japanese OECD科学・技術・産業アウトルック2014
Italian OCSE - Prospettive per la scienza, tecnologia e industria – Edizione 2014
Chinese 2014年经合组织科学技术与工业展望
Czech Výhled OECD pro oblast vědy, technologií a průmyslu pro rok 2014
Danish OECD Udsigter for videnskab, teknologi og industri 2014
Dutch OESO Wetenschap, Technologie en Industrie Vooruitzichten 2014
Estonian OECD teaduse, tehnoloogia ja tööstuse väljavaated 2014
Finnish OECD:n tiede-, teknologia- ja teollisuuskatsaus 2014
Greek Επιστήμη, Τεχνολογία και Βιομηχανία: Προοπτικές ΟΟΣΑ, Έκδοση 2014
Hebrew דו"ח ה-OECD על מצב המדע, הטכנולוגיה והתעשייה 2014
Hungarian OECD tudomány, technológia és ipar: 2014. évi kilátások
Icelandic OECD horfur í vísindum, tækni og iðnaði árið 2014
Korean OECD 2014년도 과학·기술·산업 전망
Norwegian OECD Utsikt for vitenskap, teknologi og næringsliv 2014
Polish Nauka, technologia i przemysł w krajach OECD — przegląd 2014
Portuguese Edição de 2014 das Perspetivas da OCDE para a Ciência, a Tecnologia e a Indústria em 2014
Russian Перспективы науки, технологий и промышленности ОЭСР 2014
Slovak Výhľad OECD v oblasti vedy, techniky a priemyslu na rok 2014
Slovene Napoved OECD za znanost, tehnologijo in industrijo za leto 2014
Swedish Naturvetenskap, teknik, innovation och industri: Översikt 2014
Turkish 2014 OECD Bilim, Teknoloji ve Endüstri Görünüm Raporu


Executive summary
Overall innovation performance and policy trends2 chapters available
Reader's guide
The future of science, technology and innovation policies
STI policy profiles: Governance5 chapters available
National strategies for science, technology and innovation
System innovation
Strategic public/private partnerships
Impact assessment in STI policies
Comparative table of national STI strategies or plans, OECD countries and some major non-OECD economies, 2014
STI policy profiles: Globalisation of innovation policies3 chapters available
Attracting international science and technology investments by firms
Internationalisation of public research
Cross-border science, technology and innovation governance arrangements
STI policy profiles: Facing new social and environmental challenges2 chapters available
Green innovation
Innovation for social challenges
STI policy profiles: Innovation in firms7 chapters available
Policy mix for business R&D and innovation
Government financing of business R&D and innovation
Tax incentives for R&D and innovation
Financing innovative entrepreneurship
Start-ups and innovative entrepreneurship
New industrial policies
Stimulating demand for innovation
STI policy profiles: Universities and public research4 chapters available
Public research missions and orientation
Financing public research
Open science
Commercialisation of public research
STI policy profiles: Networks, clusters and transfers4 chapters available
Innovation and the digital economy
Cluster policy and smart specialisation
Patent policies
Intellectual property markets
STI policy profiles: Skills for innovation3 chapters available
Strengthening education and skills for innovation
Labour market policies for the highly skilled
Building a science and innovation culture
STI country profiles49 chapters available
STI country profiles reader's guide
Costa Rica
Czech Republic
The Netherlands
New Zealand
Russian Federation
Slovak Republic
South Africa
United Kingdom
United States
European Union
Methodological annex to the 2014 OECD STI Outlook country profiles
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Further reading

  • Press release: Squeezed R&D budgets in the EU, Japan and US are reducing the weight of advanced economies in science and technology research, patent applications and scientific publications and leaving China on track to be the world’s top R&D spender by around 2019, according to a new OECD report. 
    12 November 2014  English | French | Spanish
  • Report highlights (pdf): English | French
  • The STI Outlook is published every other year, alternately with the STI Scoreboard.

STI E-Outlook

This online portal allows benchmarking of quantitative and qualitative material gathered during data and information collection for the STI Outlook 2012.

Interactive graphs allow for easy comparison between countries. In addition, with this tool national delegations can access the OECD STI Outlook Policy Database (access restricted to delegates) used to compile the country responses to the policy questionnaires underlying the publication.

Note to Internet Explorer users: The STI e-Outlook requires IE 9 or later.

STI e-Outlook

Countries list

  • Afghanistan
  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • Andorra
  • Angola
  • Anguilla
  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Argentina
  • Armenia
  • Aruba
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahamas
  • Bahrain
  • Guernsey
  • Jersey
  • Bangladesh
  • Barbados
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Benin
  • Bermuda
  • Bhutan
  • Venezuela
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • British Virgin Islands
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cabo Verde
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Cayman Islands
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • Chile
  • Chinese Taipei^Taipei
  • Colombia
  • Comoros
  • Cook Islands
  • Costa Rica
  • Côte d'Ivoire
  • Croatia
  • Cuba
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Democratic People's Republic of Korea
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Denmark
  • Djibouti
  • Dominica
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Eritrea
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • European Union
  • Faeroe Islands
  • Micronesia
  • Fiji
  • Finland
  • Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
  • France
  • French Guiana
  • Gabon
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Gibraltar
  • Greece
  • Greenland
  • Grenada
  • Guatemala
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Guyana
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong (China)
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iraq
  • Ireland
  • Iran
  • Isle of Man
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Jamaica
  • Japan
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kenya
  • Kiribati
  • Korea
  • Kuwait
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Lao People's Democratic Republic
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Liberia
  • Libya
  • Liechtenstein
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Macau (China)
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Maldives
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Marshall Islands
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mayotte
  • Mexico
  • Monaco
  • Mongolia
  • Montenegro
  • Montserrat
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nauru
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Nicaragua
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • Niue
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Palau
  • Palestinian Authority
  • Panama
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Paraguay
  • China (People’s Republic of)
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Bolivia
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Puerto Rico
  • Qatar
  • Moldova
  • Congo
  • Romania
  • Russia
  • Rwanda
  • Saint Helena
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Saint Lucia
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Samoa
  • San Marino
  • Sao Tome and Principe
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Serbia and Montenegro (pre-June 2006)
  • Seychelles
  • Sierra Leone
  • Singapore
  • Slovak Republic
  • Slovenia
  • Solomon Islands
  • Somalia
  • South Africa
  • South Sudan
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sudan
  • Suriname
  • Swaziland
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Tajikistan
  • Thailand
  • Timor-Leste
  • Togo
  • Tokelau
  • Tonga
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Turkmenistan
  • Turks and Caicos Islands
  • Tuvalu
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • Tanzania
  • United States
  • United States Virgin Islands
  • Uruguay
  • Uzbekistan
  • Vanuatu
  • Viet Nam
  • Wallis and Futuna
  • Western Sahara
  • Yemen
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe
  • Curaçao
  • Bonaire
  • Saba
  • Topics list