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This project aims to support countries in strengthening the contributions their national intellectual property (IP) systems can make to their socio-economic development, notably through their impacts on innovation performance. Country studies, which are based on a detailed assessment of national IP systems, provide concrete policy recommendations. In order to do those assessments the project developed a framework that identifies the critical factors of IP systems to support emerging countries’ innovation and development objectives.
Innovation plays a pivotal role in economic development: this is a key lesson of the past decades. Build-up of innovation capacities has been central to successful growth experiences. IP rights are important for building these innovation capacities. They can provide incentives to invent in fields relating to technology (patents), business (trademarks) and the arts (copyright). IP can serve innovation not only by providing direct incentives for inventions, but also by a number of indirect mechanisms: facilitating access to knowledge and inventions, stimulating innovation by resolving information asymmetries, facilitating international competitiveness and trade, and enhancing opportunities for access to finance.
National innovation performance depends on a variety of factors and innovation policy choices have substantial impacts. The national IP system is a policy area of potentially significant impact on innovation. The IP system allows a market-based economy to produce innovation while providing solid ground for other types of government intervention to be more effective. IP policy is in many cases a complement to other innovation policy instruments: It can be used to foster the commercialisation of public research, to guarantee inventors responding to public procurement (demand-side policies), to back access to soft loans or other public funding and so on.
The framework is presented in detail in the book National Intellectual Property Systems, Innovation and Economic Development published in January 2014. Moreover, the report discusses two IP country studies conducted for Colombia and Indonesia. These are based on analyses of the national intellectual property systems, drawing on country missions, which gathered detailed information and feedback from more than 100 stakeholders on IP-related priorities and bottlenecks. Concrete policy recommendations are provided for both countries.
The project has developed a framework that allows country studies to be conducted by identifying strengths and weaknesses in the IP system from the perspective of contributions to national innovation performance. The framework also provides the basis for the Intellectual Property Rights module of the OECD-World Bank Innovation Policy Platform project, a web-based, interactive space that provides access to open-data, learning resources and opportunities for collective learning on innovation policy.
Conceptual mapping for analysing IP systems for innovation