Innovation in science, technology and industry

International Conference on Innovation in Energy Technologies, Washington DC (United States)


Monday-Tuesday, September 29-30, 2003, Washington, DC




ORGANIZATION: This conference is co-sponsored by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), International Energy Agency (IEA), U.S. National Academies and the U.S. Department of Energy.

OBJECTIVE: Innovation in energy technology has gained renewed attention in many countries as issues related to the reliability of energy supplies, environmental protection and national & regional development have multiplied.

Successful innovation demands a comprehensive understanding of the organization of energy innovation systems so that appropriate links can be established between the public and private sectors and that effective public policy can be developed and implemented. This conference will inform such efforts by examining the energy innovation systems of a number of OECD countries. Particular emphasis will be placed on fuel cell technologies, which are a main focus of many national energy innovation programmes. Presentations will examine issues such as:

  1. the respective roles of market forces and government policies in establishing objectives for energy innovation and directions for research;
  2. the relative contributions of and degree of collaboration among industry, universities and government in financing and performing research and development;
  3. and obstacles impeding commercialization of new energy technologies.

The discussions will contribute to the finalization of a joint OECD-IEA project on energy innovation and policy developments in OECD member countries.

PARTICIPANTS: The conference will bring together approximately 50 participants from almost a dozen countries that are active in energy R&D and innovation. They include government policy makers, industry executives, members of the research community and academia.

VENUE: National Research Council, 500 5th Street, NW, Washington, DC, 20001 U.S.A.

TO REGISTER: Contact Dr. Inja Paik, at



8:30 a.m.  Registration


Morning Session Chair:  Svend Remoe, STEP Group, Norway

9:00 - 9:30 a.m. 

Welcome and Opening Remarks

Peter Blair , Executive Director, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, National Research Council (pdf, 259Kb)
- Daniel Malkin, Head, Science and Technology Policy Division, OECD


9:30 – 10:30 a.m. 

Energy Technology Innovation: Foundation for Energy Security, Environmental Quality, and Economic Growth

David Garman , Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, U.S. Department of Energy (pdf, 224Kb)
- Firoz Rasul, Chairman of the Board, Ballard Power Systems


10:30 – 11:00 a.m. Break

11:00 – 11:30 a.m. 

The Global Energy Innovation System

John Holdren , Director, Science, Technology, and Public Policy, John F. Kennedy School, Harvard University (pdf, 482Kb)


11:30 – 12:00 p.m. 

Assessing US Performance in Energy Innovation

Robert Fri , Senior Fellow Emeritus, Resources for the Future; and Chair, National Research Council Committee on Benefits of DOE R&D on Energy Efficiency & Fossil Energy (pdf, 45Kb).


12:00 – 1:00 p.m. Lunch
Afternoon Session Chair: Jerry Sheehan, OECD

1:00 – 2:00 p.m.  

OECD Case Study on Innovation in Energy Technology

- Introduction and objectives, Jerry Sheehan , OECD (pdf, 49Kb)
- Drivers of energy innovation: trends in energy supply, demand and R&D, Madeline Woodruff , IEA & Yukiko Fukasaku, OECD (pdf, 127Kb)
- Mapping the knowledge base for fuel cells: a bibliometric approach, Emmanuel Hassan , OECD (pdf, 97Kb)


2:00 – 3:30 p.m. 

Energy Innovation in the United States

- Innovation in Fossil Energy: Advanced Turbine System Program, Mike Curtis , U.S. Department of Energy (pdf, 263Kb)
- Stationary Fuel Cell Applications, John Nail , Advanced Technology Program, US National Institute of Standards and Technology (pdf, 674Kb)
- Automotive Fuel Cells Applications, Patrick Davis , U.S. Department of Energy (pdf, 1113Kb)


3:30 – 4:00 p.m. Break

4:00 – 5:30 p.m. 

Fuel Cell Innovation in Germany, Canada and Japan

Juergen Wengel , Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research (pdf, 409Kb)
Glenn McDonell , Industry Canada (pdf, 845Kb)
Akira Maeda , Keio University, Japan (pdf, 114Kb)


5:30 – 6:00 p.m. Discussion

6:00 – 8:00 p.m. Reception



Morning Session Chair: Madeline Woodruff, IEA

9:00 – 10:30 a.m. 

National Innovation Systems and Government Policy

- National Innovation Systems and US Government Policy, Lewis Branscomb , John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University (pdf, 871Kb)
- Innovation Policy for Energy Systems: New Demands for Governments?, Svend Remoe , STEP Group, Norway (pdf, 40Kb)
- A Comparative Look at Innovation in Six Countries, Don Kash , School of Public Policy, George Mason University (pdf, 243Kb)


10:30 – 11:00 a.m. Break

11:00 – 11:30 a.m. 

Private Sector Perspectives on Energy Innovation

Bill Craven , DaimlerChrysler (pdf, 3093Kb)


11:30 – 12:30 p.m. 

Exploring the Government’s Role in Energy Innovation

Marilyn Brown , Oak Ridge National Laboratory (pdf, 741Kb)
Stephanie Shipp , Advanced Technology Program, National Institute of Standards and Technology (pdf, 423Kb)


12:30 – 1:30 p.m. Lunch


Afternoon Session Chair: Inja Paik, US DOE

1:30 – 3:00 p.m. 

Innovation in Fuel Cells & Renewable Energy in UK, Korea and Italy

Roy Williamson , UK Department of Trade and Industry (pdf, 782Kb)
Sung Chul Shin , Korea Institute for Energy Research (pdf, 474Kb)
Oronzo Tampone , Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Environment (ENEA) (pdf, 60Kb)


3:00 – 3:30 p.m. Break

3:30 – 5:00 p.m.  

Comparing Innovation in Fuel Cells and Oil & Gas: France and Norway

Bernard Bourgeois , CNRS, Université Pierre Mendes (pdf, 149Kb)
Helge Godoe , Norwegian Institute for Studies in Research and Higher Education (NIFU) (pdf, 67Kb)
Jon Moxnes Steineke , Rogaland Research, and Jon Moxnes Steineke , Nordic Center for Spatial Development (pdf, 336Kb)


5:00 – 6:00 p.m. Panel Discussion

Peter Blair, The National Academies; Lewis Branscomb, Harvard University; Bill Craven, DaimlerChrysler; Volker Heck, RWE; Don Kash, George Mason University; Svend Remoe, STEP Group.

- What cross-cutting themes emerge from the case studies?
- How do the energy innovation systems in different countries compare?
- What are the key lessons for public policy?


6:00 p.m.   Closing remarks and adjournment



  • Biographical information of speakers  (pdf, 109Kb)


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