Global Forum on Development 2014 : Innovating for Development
Session 3: Innovation Policies For Inclusive Development
2 July 2014
Speakers Biographies (PDF)
Moderator: Dirk Pilat, Deputy Director for Science, Technology and Industry, OECD
The session was organised as part of the OECD Innovation for Inclusive Growth Project.
There is a growing awareness that the benefits of growth do not automatically trickle down and the question of how policies – including innovation policies – can support inclusive development has become more pressing.
Innovation – which fosters competitiveness, productivity, and job creation – is central to boosting economic growth and addressing social challenges. But more needs to be done to better understand how innovation can contribute to inclusive development. So far, innovation policies have been analysed essentially with regards to their impact on the growth of aggregate income. However, their impacts are unlikely to be “neutral” as they may affect individuals and groups in society to different extents (“social inclusiveness”). All businesses are not on an equal footing regarding innovation capacities and access to the corresponding benefits (“industrial inclusiveness”). Moreover, policies aimed at promoting innovation affect the geographic dimensions of industrial and social inequalities and underpin inequalities between urban and rural (“territorial inclusiveness”). As a result, it is important to consider the social, industrial and territorial implications of innovation policies as well. Inclusiveness also relates to the democratisation of innovation, i.e. the expansion of the circle of individuals and firms that successfully engage in innovation.