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21 November 2012
President Hotel, 4 Alexander Road, Bantry Bay,
Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa
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9:00-10:15. Session 1: Opening Session
Moderator: Thulani Mavuso, Chief Operations Officer, Department of Science and Technology, South Africa
Welcome and opening remarks: Imraan Patel, Deputy Director-General: SocioEconomic Partnerships, Department of Science and Technology, South Africa
Yuko Harayama, Deputy Director, Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry, OECD
Pierre Mohnen, Professor, UNU-MERIT
Presentation of the OECD report: Caroline Paunov, Economist, Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry, OECD
Questions and discussion
10:45-12:15. Session 2: Innovation and Inequalities: Is There a Trade-off?
Emerging and developing countries often have “islands of excellence” which are very innovative, world-leading businesses, sectors, regions and research institutions or universities. These coexist with a large group of unproductive firms, not only in the informal sector.
Questions for the discussions include the following:
- What are the approaches taken by national innovation policies to develop frontier sectors and activities? Do these approaches increase performance gaps across firms?
- What policies are in place to foster dissemination and innovation performance of laggard businesses? Are any of these policies targeting the informal sector?
- Are social issues and inequalities part of national innovation agendas? Which are examples of approaches towards addressing them? Is reducing skills gaps a priority?
Moderator: Dominique Guellec, Head of Division, Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry, OECD
Michael Kahn, Professor Extraordinaire at Stellenbosch University and Director at Research and Innovation Associates, South Africa
Parveen Arora, Advisor, National Science and Technology Management Information of the Department of Science and Technology, India
Gillian Marcelle, Associate Professor of Strategy and Innovation, University of the Witwatersrand
Bingyou Lu, China Rural Technology Development Center, MOST, China
Victor P. Mammana, Director, Renato Archer Centre for Information Technology, Brazil
12:15-14:00. Keynote speech and lunch break
“Inclusive Innovation: A New Emerging Paradigm”
Raghunath A. Mashelkar, President of the Global Research Alliance and National Research
14:00-15:30. Session 3: Can Inclusive Innovation Help Tackle Inequality?
This session will focus on the contributions innovation can make towards improving the welfare of lower- and middle-income groups. A first way is described by “frugal” innovation; these are products that help improve welfare and entrepreneurship of lower-income groups. A second way has been referred to as “grassroots” innovation which are innovative activities undertaken by lower-income groups.
Questions for the discussion include the following:
- What is the potential of inclusive innovation for lower- income groups? What needs to be done to remove barriers to their wider uptake including in rural areas?
- Do ICT-based innovations have the potential to substantially alter opportunities for lower-income groups? What role can private and public sector play? What are successful examples?
- To what extent should national innovation policies focus on “frugal and grassroots innovation”?
- What should be the main tools?
Moderator: Yonah Seleti, Chief Director: Indigenous Knowledge System, Department of Science and Technology, South Africa
Fernando Santiago, Senior Program Officer, IDRC
Brian Child, Associate Professor, University of Florida
Anupam Khanna, Chief Economist & Director-General, Policy Outreach at the National Association of Software & Service Companies (NASSCOM), India
Aldo Stroebel, Director of International Academic Projects in the Office of the Vice-Chancellor and Associate Professor, University of the Free State
Adrian Ely, Head of Impact and Engagement, ESRC STEPS Centre
15:45-17:15. Session 4: Panel Discussion - Identifying Research Priorities to Inform Policy
Sessions 1, 2 and 3 have discussed how development leads to substantial transformations of the economic systems of developing and emerging economies, so that distributional issues can be even more substantial. At the same time innovation offers potential means of addressing outcomes of growth dynamics that are not inclusive. Questions for the concluding discussion include the following:
- What do private and public initiatives do to address financing needs of both laggard businesses and “frugal and grassroots innovation” projects? What can help improve their performance?
- Do policies aimed at supporting innovation foster inequalities in revenues, rewarding only the best trained and most skilled with access to resources? Is there anything policies should do differently?
- What future research priorities are important to help inform innovation policy with regards to inclusive development?
Moderator: Fred Gault, Professor Extraordinaire, Tshwane University of Technology and United Nations University, MERIT
Bart Verspagen, Director of UNU-MERIT and Director-Dean of the Maastricht Graduate School of Governance (MGSoG) at Maastricht University
Esperanza Lasagabaster, Service Line Manager, Innovation and Entrepreneurship, The World Bank
Govindan Parayil, Vice-Rector of UNU-University and Director of the United Nations University Institute of Advanced Studies
Rasigan Maharajh, Chief Director of the Institute for Economic Research on Innovation, Faculty of Economics and Finance, Tshwane University of Technology
17:15-17:45. Closing Remarks
Dominique Guellec, Head of Division, Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry, OECD
Imraan Patel, Deputy Director-General: Socio-Economic Partnerships, Department of Science, Technology and Industry, South Africa
Conference on Innovation for Inclusive Development