The internationally recognised methodology for collecting and using R&D statistics, the OECD's Frascati Manual is an essential tool for statisticians and science and innovation policy makers worldwide. It includes definitions of basic concepts, data collection guidelines, and classifications for compiling R&D statistics.
This updated edition contains improved guidelines reflecting recent changes in the way R&D takes place and is funded and the wider use of R&D statistics and definitions. It provides new chapters dedicated to the pratical aspects of collecting R&D data in different sectors, as well as new guidance on capturing different aspects of public support for R&D such as tax incentives.
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The Frascati Manual provides the basis upon which the OECD collects and publishes statistics on R&D expenditures and personnel for all OECD countries and major economies.
• Key R&D and other S&T indicators: Main Science and Technology Indicators
|A community space for NESTI providers of R&D statistics for discussing manual implementation experiences and seeking advice and support from peers and the OECD. http://oe.cd/frascati-community|
Research and experimental development (R&D) comprise creative and systematic work undertaken in order to increase the stock of knowledge – including knowledge of humankind, culture and society – and to devise new applications of available knowledge.
The Frascati Manual is based on the experience gained from collecting R&D statistics in both OECD and non-member countries. The 2015 edition is the result of the collective work of NESTI, involving more than 120 experts from nearly 40 countries and international organisations. The revision took place over two years and was supported by an open online consultation and discussions with various other OECD committees.
The manual owes its name to the Italian town where, in 1962, the OECD Working Party of National Experts on Science and Technology Indicators (NESTI) first agreed on a common approach to measure and report statistics on R&D. The manual has been revised on six occasions to address new challenges and take into account emerging user interests.
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