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The globalisation of science and technology poses increasing economic challenges. The OECD provides governments with reliable and internationally comparable data, backed by sound methodological and empirical analysis, to inform their decisions and guide their actions.
International Comparative Evidence on Global Value Chains
International production, trade and investments are increasingly organised within so-called global value chains (GVCs) where the different stages in the production process are located across different economies. Until now, GVCs have been largely discussed from a conceptual and theoretical view, but empirical work on international fragmentation has stayed a bit behind. This review of the available data and indicators on GVCs shows their increasing importance in today’s global economy, but at the same time clearly highlights some major shortcomings.
The Export Performance of Countries within Global Value Chains (GVCs)
The growing importance of GVCs in the international organisation of production increasingly challenges the traditional way of measuring countries’ export performance and hence international competitiveness. This working paper discusses the export performance of countries along the value chain by distinguishing upstream activities (i.e. the production of intermediate inputs) and more downstream activities (e.g. the final assembly of products).
Statistics: OECD and WTO to start measuring trade in value-added as production chains globalise
Companies are increasingly producing goods and services through supply chains spanning different countries.
Statistical analysis of science, technology and industry