Results of this study show that workers' skills bundles and their distribution have larger effects on specialisation than countries’ endowment of capital per employee, or the relative endowment of workers possessing different levels of education. Furthermore, the study finds evidence that the within-country dispersion of skills significantly affects specialisation patterns.
The Trade in Value Added initiative accounts for the double counting implicit in gross flows of trade, and measures flows related to value added in production of goods or services
Embodied employment indicators are experimental. They enable to reveal how annual changes in OECD employment can be decomposed to account for changes in final demand for goods and services across different countries and regions.
Presentations and main topics discussed at the 82nd Session of the Steel Committee held in Paris, 23-24 March 2017.
English, PDF, 5,312kb
Norway is a high-cost country and as a consequence, the access to competence and innovation is vital to the Norwegian shipbuilding industry’s competitiveness. Norway’s maritime industry thus has to focus on high value-added segments of the market and be knowledge-based. To this end, Norway’s competitive advantage is based on high investment in research and development.
The workshop aimed to explore the links between shipbuilding and other maritime industries, such as shipping, offshore and marine equipment industry, and sought to find solutions for the challenges which cannot be solved by individual economies.
Presentations and main topics discussed at the 81st Session of the Steel Committee held in Paris, 8 September 2016.
In this working paper estimates of emissions embodied in final demand and in international trade were generated to contribute to a better understanding of how CO2 emissions around the world are driven by global consumption patterns. After explaining the methodology in detail, some general results are described and examples given of how to use and interpret the derived indicators.
With the emergence of global value chains (GVCs), production processes are increasingly fragmented and dispersed across different countries. Although many MNEs still exhibit an important ‘home bias’ in their global innovation activities, a growing number of firms have offshored R&D and innovative activities to foreign locations.
A High-Level Meeting on excess capacity and structural adjustment in the steel sector was convened on 18 April 2016, at the Palais d’Egmont in Brussels, co-organised by the OECD and the Belgian government.