The past decades have witnessed a rapid globalisation of economic activity which has significantly changed the outlook of the world economy. An increasing number of firms, countries and other economic actors take part in today’s global economy and all of them have become increasingly connected across borders. The economic interdependence between countries has significantly increased due to the spread of global value chains (GVCs): production has become increasingly fragmented and goods/services are produced in subsequential stages across different countries. Intermediate inputs like parts and components are produced in one country and then exported to other countries for further production and/or assembly in final products.
Global value chains directly impact the competitiveness of countries and result in different specialisation patterns across countries. Comparative advantage is no longer determined in terms of industries but rather in terms of activities and business functions. This raises a lot of questions for government policy: how are global value chains structured between OECD and emerging countries, which activities are located in the different countries, what is the link between global value chains and open innovation networks, how do global value chains help emerging countries in their economic development, how are the gains from trade and competitiveness divided between countries, what role have government policies to play?
The workshop presented OECD and World Bank work on global production networks and promoted concrete policy options for an employment-based recovery and trade-led growth. Invited speakers from a broad range of institutions (academics, policy makers, etc.) including from emerging economies, presented their findings and participate in the discussions. Click here to download the programme.
The event was organised by the OECD Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry, the OECD Trade and Agriculture Directorate and the World Bank. Funding is provided by the Global Trade and Financial Architecture (GTFA) project.
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