Industry and globalisation

ANBERD (Analytical Business Enterprise Research and Development) database


Last data update: July 2016
Direct link to the ANBERD dataset
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The OECD’s ANalytical Business Enterprise Research and Development (ANBERD) database presents annual data on Research and Development (R&D) expenditures by industry and was developed to provide analysts with comprehensive data on industrial R&D expenditures. The ANBERD database incorporates a number of estimations that build upon but also extend national submissions of business enterprise R&D data by industry.


The current version of the ANBERD database presents OECD countries’ and selected non-member economies’ business expenditure on R&D since 1987, broken down across 100 manufacturing and service industry groups.

The reported data follow the International Standard Industrial Classification, Revision 4 (ISIC Rev. 4) and are expressed in national currencies as well as in PPP US dollars, both at current and constant prices. The ANBERD data are updated continuously on a rolling basis and additional countries will be included in the coming months as they become available.

In addition to the ANBERD dataset, official BERD data submitted to the OECD via the OECD/Eurostat R&D data collection (which is the main underlying source for ANBERD) can be accessed through the OECD Research and Development Statistics (RDS) database.

For further information on ANBERD, including the release calendar for other countries, please contact

Full documentation

Coverage table

Classification of industries according to R&D intensity

Using ANBERD data, the OECD has produced a new taxonomy of industries according to their average level of R&D intensity. This work represents an update and reframing of previous OECD taxonomies that were based on earlier versions of the ISIC classification. Industries are clustered into 5 groups (high, medium-high, medium, medium-low, and low R&D intensity industries). One special feature of this new taxonomy is the inclusion of non-manufacturing industries, especially services, whose coverage has improved in the R&D tables collected in ISIC Rev.4.

The report is accessible at:

This analysis shows that there is considerable potential for many countries to raise their R&D intensity within industries to the current OECD average, as shown in the following graph.



ANBERD versions


Country coverage

Sector coverage (max)

Time coverage

Next update

ISIC Rev.4

Currently, 31 OECD countries and 4 non-member economies.

100 manufacturing and services sectors

1987 onwards

On a rolling basis (country coverage to be extended)

 ISIC Rev.3 – archived version  32 OECD countries and  6 non-member economies  60 manufacturing and services sectors  1987-2010/11  Discontinued
 ISIC Rev.2 – archived version

15 OECD countries

 34 sectors, predominantly in manufacturing  1973-1997/98  Discontinued


Related links:

ANBERD belongs to the STAN family databases: STAN Database for Structural AnalysisSTAN Bilateral Trade by Industry and End-use category (BTDIxE)STAN Input-Output and STAN Indicators. The STAN databases are united by compatible industry lists based on the ISIC classification.


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