Industry and globalisation

The analytical AMNE database - Multinational enterprises and global value chains


The strong growth of global value chains (GVCs) has dramatically challenged existing economic insights and policy implications related to globalisation. Further and more detailed insights are strongly needed on the role and activities of multinanational enterprises (MNEs). It has often been argued that the growing fragmentation of production within GVCs in the past decades has been driven by MNEs. Likewise, policy discussion increasingly focuses on the so-called trade-investment nexus reflecting the close links between international trade and investment. The empirical evidence on MNEs is however not widely available and largely incomplete, with data only available for a subset of OECD economies but even then with important differences in coverage across countries.


The OECD has developed a new and comprehensive database on MNE activities across countries and industries starting from the OECD AMNE database which contains the official data on AMNE collected and published by national statistical offices (32 OECD countries plus Costa Rica and Lithuania, over 50 industries, since 1985). In order to estimate the missing information across countries and industries, additional national sources have been used and various statistical methodologies applied. This new database can be linked to the OECD Inter-country Inter-Industry Input-Output (ICIO) database, allowing detailed analysis a broad range of important policy issues:


  • What is the role and importance of MNEs in today’s global economy?  Are they as important as often argued?
  • With international trade and investment believed to be the main defining features of GVCs, what are their actual differences, interdependencies, complementarities?
  • What is the role and impact of foreign MNEs in the GVC activities of their host economies? To what exent do MNEs determine the GVC participation and upgrading of national economies?
  • How important are the domestic linkages between foreign MNEs and host economies? What are the economic effects – direct (in terms of employment, GDP, etc.) as well indirect – of foreign MNEs on national economies? 

  • Production by foreign affiliates abroad is an important mode to target and reach customers internationally.  What is the importance of this Mode 3 in Trade in Services, and more importantly which factors are driving the choice for this mode?       


Analytical papers 


Policy notes




The database

The Analytical AMNE database includes a full matrix of the output of foreign affiliates in 43 countries plus the rest of the world, as well as similar matrices for value-added, exports and imports over the period 2000-2014. In addition, split Inter-Country Input-Output tables were created distinguishing for all countries the transactions of domestic-owned and foreign-owned firms. Starting in 2008, domestic-owned firms are further split between domestic MNEs and other domestic firms not involved in international investment.


The analytical database will be made available after it has been linked with the updated ICIO database.


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