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Finland is well into the diffusion stage of the S-curve of ICT use in business. Levels of basic ICT "readiness" in business are well above the OECD average and ICT investment both in equipment and ICT skills remains high.
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Switzerland is well-advanced along the diffusion curve of ICT use in business. Levels of basic “readiness” (see IT Outlook 2002, 2004) are high, and it is well equipped with the necessary hardware, both information technology and communications technology. However diffusion is uneven and ICT impacts on business may be lower than expected based on the average levels of equipment and diffusion. Switzerland tends to be a follower in
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The business services examined in this study include software and information services, R&D and technical services, advertising and marketing, business consulting, recruitment and human resource development services.
How precisely does ICT affect economic growth and the efficiency of firms? How well can these impacts be measured? And under which conditions do the impacts of ICT emerge?
The key themes of this one day Forum provided the basis for OECD governments and other stakeholders to identify the benefits and limits of PETs for businesses and individual users, and better envision how the development and use of such tools should be further encouraged at the global level.
This background paper has been prepared to provide a broad overview of the issues associated with spam as information for participants at the OECD Workshop on Spam, to be held at the European Commission on 2-3 February 2004.
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The Study Plan implements the conceptual building blocks presented in the methodology paper. The plan consists of three parts which are carried out sequentially.
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This paper proposes some ways forward in stimulating and structuring interdisciplinary research on business-to-business electronic commerce. A ‘commerce-centred’ perspective is proposed that is grounded in concepts of commerce as a complex socio-economic institution. On this basis, a conceptual framework is developed for assessing the dynamics and impacts of electronic commerce in the value chains of products (goods and services).