An essential element for SMEs to “go digital” is connectivity. This report analyses the state of connectivity in Southeast Asia (i.e. access to high-quality communication networks and services at affordable prices) and how SMEs benefit from accessing and using digital tools. It provides policy recommendations to foster an enabling environment for SMEs in the region to help make their digital transformation a success.
This report summarises discussions at the first event of the OECD Global Forum on Digital Security for Prosperity. Participants examined stakeholders' roles and responsibilities in the governance of digital security risk in organisations, and how to improve digital security of technologies throughout their life cycle.
The OECD Going Digital Summit held in Paris on 11-12 March 2019 brought together policy makers and other experts met to map the way forward on policy making in the digital era. Discussions covered issues such as jobs and skills, high quality broadband access, trade and competition, data and privacy, and artificial intelligence.
This report looks at the economics of zero rating - when certain types of traffic are not counted against a consumer’s download allowance by the Internet access service - and key policy issues such as its effects on competition and innovation. It also compares regulatory approaches across several countries.
This report synthesises an OECD project to develop a framework and a set of statistical indicators that can be used to assess the digital security (cybersecurity) risk management practices of businesses. It also provides recommendations for future efforts to build on this project.
The artificial intelligence (AI) landscape has evolved significantly from 1950 when Alan Turing first posed the question of whether machines can think. Today, AI is transforming societies and economies. It promises to generate productivity gains, improve well-being and help address global challenges, such as climate change, resource scarcity and health crises. Yet, as AI applications are adopted around the world, their use can raise questions and challenges related to human values, fairness, human determination, privacy, safety and accountability, among others. This report helps build a shared understanding of AI in the present and near-term by mapping the AI technical, economic, use case and policy landscape and identifying major public policy considerations. It is also intended to help co-ordination and consistency with discussions in other national and international fora.
As digital transformation has accelerated, the e-commerce landscape has become increasingly dynamic. New players have emerged at the same time that established actors have taken on new roles; some barriers to e-commerce at the firm, individual and country levels have been overcome, while other barriers have emerged. Innovative business models have transformed buyer-seller relationships and pushed out the frontier of what is possible to buy and sell online. This report analyses new and emerging e-commerce business models, examines e-commerce trends along a range of dimensions, and offers new insights on the policies needed to exploit the opportunities and mitigate the challenges of unlocking the potential of e-commerce for all.
Online platforms support so many of our daily activities that we have become dependent on them in our personal and professional lives. We rely on them to buy and sell goods and services, to find information online and to keep in touch with each other. We use them for entertainment, news, transportation, accommodation, finding jobs and employees, finding apps and for many other purposes. Online platforms have also raised new and important policy questions, but the businesses themselves can be more complex than they appear so they are not always well understood. This report contains detailed profiles of twelve of the world’s leading platform companies and derives insights from those profiles about what platforms actually do, how they do it, and why they succeed financially. For example, the report finds that although platforms tend to have a number of economic characteristics in common, they also vary so greatly that they cannot be compartmentalised into just a few categories, let alone a single sector. Moreover, they do not all succeed for the same reasons. In addition, although the major Chinese platforms still have a low profile within the OECD, they are in the process of expanding globally and deserve more attention.