Internet economy

ICCP Technology Foresight Forum - "Cloud Computing: The Next Computing Paradigm?" - Agenda and Presentations


OECD Conference Center

14 Octobre 2009




International Conference on Sustainable Manufacturing, 23-24 September 2008: agenda




Chair: Richard Simpson, Chair of the ICCP Committee


Morning Session:  Understanding cloud computing


The morning session focused on the various dimensions of cloud computing. The first panel took a broad look at the key concepts, basic architectures and technologies, and business models currently referred to as cloud computing, with some consideration of the technological developments on which they rely. The second panel took a more in-depth look at the specific types of services on offer, along with the particular benefits they can bring to organisations and individuals.


Questions for discussion

Panel 1 - Key concepts, technologies and business models


Cloud computing builds on a number of IT trends, beginning with the ready-availability of broadband and inexpensive storage, but also including virtualisation, grid computing, and multitenant architectures. Although a variety of definitions are offered for cloud computing, commonly identified characteristics include scalability on demand, the ability to pool computing resources, and payment models oriented around usage based costing.

Many of the best-know services are classified as “public cloud” because they are deployed via the public Internet and share computing resources, but some consider cloud services to include “private cloud” operations with data and enterprise applications running on secure off-site data centres. There are also hybrid models that may leverage both private and public cloud services.



Issues considered:

  • To what degree does computing over “private clouds” used and operated by the same organisation raise the same policy challenges as other types of cloud computing?
  • Is the “pay as you go” business model sustainable?  Can cloud service providers offer their customers quality of service guarantees (e.g. Service Level Agreements) that are sufficient to meet demand? What sorts of guarantees will be available to individual users?
  • Does the ability of cloud computing to allow access to sophisticated computing services via mobile devices, and laptops that are smaller, lighter, cheaper, bring productivity benefits?
  • Cloud computing is dependent on broadband Internet.  Can the communications providers ensure sufficient speed and capacity to meet the demands of a rapid growth in cloud computing?


Panel 2 – Cloud Services: infrastructure, platform and software

An increasing number of IT vendors are offering some form of cloud services.  These are often grouped into three categories:

  • Software as a service, which allows for the use of a provider’s applications over the network.  Users are no longer tied to their own computing environment, but have the potential of anywhere/anytime access to applications. 
  • Platform as a service, through which a user can develop and deploy its own applications via the cloud. These platforms can simplify the programming tasks as they allow for integrating applications developed by others.
  • Infrastructure as a service, which allows a user to rent storage, processing, network capacity and other computing resources on demand.


  • Antti Eskola, Ministry of Employment and the Economy, Finland


  • Daniel Burton, Senior Vice President, Global Public Policy,
  • Kai Gutzeit, Head of Google Enterprise DACH & Nordics, Google
  • Katarina de Brisis, Deputy Director General, Department of ICT policy and public sector reform, Ministry of Government Administration and Reform, Norway
  • Gaurav Verma, Director Information Management Strategy, SAS (Presentation)
  • Jon Neville, General Manager of the Enterprise VPN Users Associations (EVUA - The Global ICT User Group) (Presentation)

Issues considered:

  • What are the most promising types of services from the perspective of a cloud provider?   Is the Cloud reliable enough to allow service providers to provide sufficient quality of service commitments to their customers?
  • How can the potential benefits for users in terms of cost savings and reduced complexity be realised?  Will the increased use of web-based collaboration, customisation tools, and mash-ups bring productivity benefits? To what degree will a combination of cloud services enable smaller organisations greater global reach?
  • What are the advantages to individuals in using cloud services to, for example, store photos and documents, perform word processing tasks, or manage financial accounts?  What functionalities do they give up, and what are the implications of relinquishing some degree of control?
  • What are the particular needs of government entities that are considering using cloud services?  Are there some types of government functions for which cloud services would not be appropriate?  What sorts of payment models will work best for public sector users?
  • How do the advantages of scalability and flexibility that make cloud computing attractive balance against the complexity of security requirements?



Afternoon Session:  Enabling cloud computing


The afternoon session focused on the challenges to maximising the potential benefits of the cloud computing for the Internet Economy. It considered the challenges to ushering in the increased innovation, competition, and productivity and avoiding user lock-in.  It also considered the elements of an appropriate policy and regulatory environment, one suited to address the security, privacy and other governance challenges.


Panel 3 – portability, competition and innovation


Cloud computing promises a powerful new platform for innovation. It allows entrepreneurs to develop, deploy, market, and sell cloud applications worldwide without having to invest in expensive IT computing infrastructure. It also gives smaller businesses access to the same industrial strength computing systems as large multinational corporations, fostering the competitiveness of small and medium-sized business.

By allowing government and business in developing countries to access sophisticated computing platforms without having to buy a lot of hardware and software or manage complex IT deployments, cloud computing can help jump-start economic development. All that is required to access cloud computing solutions is a browser with broadband access.



  • Luis Magalhães, Ministry of Science, Technology and Higher Education, Portugal


  • Joseph Alhadeff, President for Global Public Policy and Chief Privacy Officer Oracle Corporation (BIAC)
  • Benoit Verbaere, Communication Services Innovation team, SITA, (ITAC) (Presentation)
  • Sang-Dong Lee, Chief Researcher, KISTI (Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information), Korea
  • Katitza Rodriguez, Director, EPIC International Privacy Project, CSISAC Liaison (Presentation)
  • Scott Corson, VP, Engineering, Qualcomm Flarion Technologies (Presentation)

Issues considered:

  • As organisations and consumers move increasing amounts of data into cloud services, how can they avoid “lock-in”?  Will the open-data movement help address the problems of lock-in?  What is the likely impact on open-source software?  Is there a role for industry standards?  Given that cloud computing is still emerging, will standards work hamper innovation?
  • By giving entrepreneurs a powerful development and distribution tool, cloud computing promises to accelerate innovation and entrepreneurship. What actions should policy makers take to make sure that entrepreneurs are able to take advantage of the innovation that cloud computing allows?
  • What policies should be pursued to make sure that smaller companies can take advantage of cloud computing platforms? What can be done to foster greater understanding about the benefits and risks of cloud computing? 
  • Are there particular policy approaches to be considered by developing countries and international organisations to harness cloud computing for global economic development?  What are the environmental implications of cloud computing?


Panel 4 – Security, privacy, and accountability

Security is one of the most important issues for cloud computing. Organisations may be concerned that transmitting, retrieving, and storing their data in the cloud will not be secure. They may be particularly reluctant to move critical or sensitive information “outside the firewall,” and into the control of a third party.

Others, however, may find that security can be enhanced by the centralised controls that cloud computing vendors can provide. This may be particularly the case for individuals and small organisations, which may be better off entrusting their data to professionals. For individuals using cloud services and organisations dealing with employee or other personal data, privacy issues arise. A certain loss of control seems inevitable as greater quantities of personal information are stored remotely by third parties.



Keith Besgrove, Dept. of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy, Australia


  • Jennifer Stoddart, Privacy Commissioner of Canada
  • Vuk Trifkovic, Senior Analyst, Applications team, Ovum IT, Datamonitor PLC (Presentation)
  • Paula Bruening, Deputy Executive Director of the Centre for Information Policy Leadership and Senior Policy Advisor for the law firm of Hunton & Williams LLP
  • Alexander Seger, Head of Department of Information Society and Action against Crime, Council of Europe
  • Peter Cullen, GM Trustworthy Computing and Chief Privacy Strategist, Microsoft 

Issues considered:

  • How can cloud providers assure their customers that their data will be handled in a secure manner, and ensure confidentiality, integrity and availability? As cloud providers accumulate greater volumes of valuable data will they become targets for cyber criminals?  How will appropriate identity and access control be provided?
  • What kinds of assurances can cloud service providers make regarding the uses that the data will be subject to?  For those offering free, advertising-supported services, will user profiles be developed and used for marketing? What are the implications for identity management where individuals conduct more of their online activities through cloud-based services?
  • Whose laws apply to data stored in the cloud? Will law enforcement have easier access to an organisation’s or an individual’s data?  Does the processing of data in the cloud amount to a cross-border transfer, implicating data protection laws in some countries?  Does cloud computing bring any special challenges to the application of concepts like “data controller” and “data processor”? 
  • To what extent will generic types of service agreements be sufficient to meet regulatory compliance obligations? Does cloud computing raise issues with respect to audit requirements for organisational records?  For consumer oriented cloud applications, how can consumers better understand the risks and benefits so as to make informed choices?  To what degree can cross-border co-operation among authorities charged with protecting consumers and individuals be of assistance?



Chair and Moderators.

Richard Simpson, Chair of the ICCP Committee: Closing Remarks




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