Collection/compilation agency: Department of Science and Technology (DST)
Collection/compilation type: Audit of the South African biotechnology sector.
Scope: Non-governmental organization, companies, close corporation, para-statal, trust, higher education institute, other.
Frequency: Onetime in 2003.
Biotechnology activity is divided into 4 categories.
Definition used: Organizations “using biotechnology” are those that use a set of techniques leading to the transformation of a substance or production of a product, and where living organisms, or parts thereof, are involved. The living material may be the object that is transformed or produced or may be used in the manipulation or production process.
DNA: Genomics, Bioinformatics, Pharmaco-genomics, Gene probes/DNA markers, DNA Sequencing/ Synthesis/Amplification, Recombinant DNA technologies, Transgenesis.
Proteins and Molecules: Peptide/Protein Sequencing/Synthesis, Lipid/protein engineering, Carbohydrate engineering, Proteomics, Enzymology, Hormones and growth factors, Cell Receptors/Signaling/ Pheromones, Antibodies, Structural Biology, Molecular modelling.
Cell and Tissue Culture and Engineering: Cell/tissue culture, Tissue engineering, Hybridization, Cellular fusion, Vaccines/Immune Stimulants, Embryo manipulation.
Process Biotechnologies: Fermentation, Bioreactors, Bioprocessing, Biotransformation, Bioleaching, Biopulping, Bio-bleaching, Biodesulphurization, Bioremediation, Biofiltration, Phytoremediation, Biological gas cleaning, Bioaugmentation, Bioindicators, Process Control, Classical/Traditional Breeding, Extraction/Purification/Separation.
Sub-cellular Organisms: Viral vectors, Gene therapy.
Other: Molecular High Throughput Screening, Drug Delivery, Rational Drug Design, Diagnostics, Biochips, Combinatorial Chemistry, Biomaterials, Processing of Blood Products and Substitutes, Natural Products Chemistry, Microbiology/Virology/Microbial Ecology, Biosensors, Transgenics, Bio nanotechnology, Molecular Synthesis.
Output: eGoli Bio National Biotech Survey 2003
Contact comments: N/A
Future plans (plans for new collections, strategies, experiences etc.): A desktop study to determine SA Biotechnology Facts and Figures, Strengths and Weaknesses and Innovation Successes; Possible Survey on Public Understanding of Biotechnology.
Contact details: http://www.dst.gov.za/
Survey attached in annex: