Collection/compilation agency: Statistisches Bundesamt (Federal Statistical Office Germany)
Collection/compilation type: Special onetime voluntary surveys were conducted in 1992: by the Stifterverband for the Business enterprise sector and by the Federal Statistical Office for the higher education sector. A mandatory survey covered the government research institutes and the private non-profit organisations.
For the Business enterprise sector:
For the higher education sector:
- Proportion of total working time of academic personnel attributable to biotechnological research
- Expenditures by institutes of higher education for biotechnological research
- Expenditures by funding category
- Expenditures by fields of sciences
- Institutions of higher education involved in biotechnological R&D.
For the government research institutions and private non profit organisations:
- Expenditures for biotechnological research by government research institutions and private non profit organisations.
Scope: Business enterprise sector, higher education sector, government research institutions and private non profit organisations.
Frequency: Onetime study for 1992
Classification used: See variables
Definition used: “Biotechnological R&D is defined for the purposes of the survey as a systematic, creative work integrating biology, micro biology, molecular biology and engineering sciences in order to utilise or to increase the potential of living organisms or their cellular or sub-cellular or molecular components for the development of products, processes and services. R&D in biotechnology was further subdivided into R&D in biotechnology (excluding genetic engineering) and R&D in genetic engineering.”
Output: Statistisches Bundesamt, Ausgaben für biotechnologische Forschung (1995)
Contact comments: This study presents the results of the 1992 study the Federal Ministry of Education Science, Research and Technology commissioned the Federal Statistical Office to undertake in order to assess biotechnological R&D expenditures in Germany.
Contact details: http://www.statistik-bund.de
Collection/compilation agency: Federal Statistical Office - Germany
Collection/compilation type: Biotechnology firm survey
- Number of enterprises
- Regional distribution of enterprises
- Total employees
- R&D employees (biotech)
- R&D expenses; turnover/sales
- Venture capital shareholding of financial service providers
Scope: The target population was sub-divided into five categories of enterprises that make up the German biotechnology landscape:
- Category I: Biotechnology core enterprises applying mainly modern biotechnological procedures
- Category II: Suppliers to the biotechnology core enterprises and research institutions
- Category III: Enterprises working both as biotechnology core firms and suppliers
- Category IV: Large life sciences industry enterprises with a significant focus on biotechnological activities
- Category V: Consultants and financial service providers in the biotechnology branch
Periodicity: 2000 and 2002
Classification used: See scope
Definition used: OECD definition of biotechnology
Output: Federal Statistical Office, Unternehmen der Biotechnologie in Deutschland – Ergebnisse einer Pilotstudie für das Jahr 2000 (http://www.destatis.de/presse/deutsch/pk/2002/biotechnologie_2000.pdf)
Unternehmen der Biotechnologie in Deutschland – Ergebnisse der Wiederholungsbefragung 2002 (http://www.destatis.de/presse/deutsch/pk/2003/biotechnologie_2002i.pdf)
Contact comments: Both surveys were done on a voluntary basis. The response rate was, per category (see scope), between 40 and 65% (overall it was approximately 58%).
Future plans (plans for new collections, strategies, experiences etc.): The next survey is planned for 2004 (reference year)
Contact details: http://www.destatis.de/
The survey is available in the publication at: http://www.destatis.de/presse/deutsch/pk/2003/biotechnologie_2002i.pdf