Biotechnology policies

Biotechnology Statistics - Finland

 

1. FINLAND

Collection/compilation agency: Statistics Finland

Collection/compilation type: Additional question in the 2003 R&D survey

Variables: 

  • Biotechnology R&D: yes/no
  • Biotechnology R&D expenditure (as percentage of total R&D)

Scope: Business enterprise sector, higher education sector, government sector

Frequency: Onetime survey, continuation not known

Periodicity: Yearly data for 2003

Classification used: Institutional sector, industry (NACE), size of enterprise

Definition used: OECD definition of biotechnology

Output: Scheduled December 2004

Contact comments: N/A

Future plans (plans for new collections, strategies, experiences etc.): N/A

Contact details: http://www.tilastokeskus.fi/
 
2. FINLAND

Collection/compilation agency: Academy of Finland


Collection/compilation type: Onetime background survey for the evaluation of the impact of public research funding on biotechnology and related life sciences in Finland. The purpose of the data collection was not to produce national statistics, but instead to provide the international panel with a clear picture of the Finnish innovation system in biotechnology and the roles and strategies of various actors.


Variables:

Organisation, strategy and resources:

  • Mission, organisation and administration
  • Organisation of basic biotechnology training, biotechnology research and researcher training at the university (question addressed to universities only)
  • Research strategy / Biotechnology strategy / Biotechnology research in the strategy of the funding organisation
  • Research funding for biotechnology in 1996–2001
  • The use and impact of earmarked biotechnology funding from the Ministry of Education
  • Research personnel in 1996 and 2001
  • Core facilities

Additional questions for ministries:

  • Biotechnology research (e.g. the sector’s role in the biotechnology innovation system)
  • Management by results.

Additional questions for funding organisations:

  • Funding organisation and the biotechnology innovation system
  • Biotechnology R&D funding in 1996–2001 by funding mode/category
  • Biotechnology R&D funding in 1996–2001 by receiving organisation
  • Development of biotechnology R&D funding before 1996.

Research and its impact:

  • Major projects (interventions in the case of funding organisations) in the field of biotechnology and its applications in 1996–2001
  • Scientific impact in terms of biotechnology publications in 1996–2001
  • Research collaboration in terms of joint publications in 1996–2001
  • Research collaboration in terms of EU projects in 1996–2001
  • Researcher training in terms of doctoral degrees in 1996–2001
  • Mobility of researchers (question addressed to biocentres only)
  • Technology transfer
  • Socio-economic impact in terms of patents, licensing and spin-off companies
  • Other socio-economic impacts
  • The biocentre as part of the local innovation system (question addressed to biocentres only).

SWOT analysis (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats) and future visions:

  • Self-evaluation using the method of SWOT analysis
  • Visions of biotechnology-related activities by 2007
  • The future of biotechnology funding.

Scope: Biocentres within universities, universities and research institutes conducting research in the field of biotechnology, ministries concerned, and public funding organisations. The questionnaire was tailored to each group of respondents.

Frequency: N/A

Periodicity: Onetime survey in 2002

Classification used: N/A

Definition used: In the evaluation, biotechnology is understood to cover all life sciences research that uses the methods of modern biology and the applications of this research. OECD definition of biotechnology, this definition is supposed to help the respondents decide whether a certain kind of research activity can be classified as biotechnology.

Output: Biotechnology in Finland. Impact of Public Research Funding and Strategies for the Future. Evaluation Report. Publications of the Academy of Finland 11/2002.

An example of the survey questionnaire was published as "Appendix VIII E" in the evaluation report. The report is available on the Academy of Finland Web site (http://www.aka.fi/eng -> Publications -> Publications series).

Contact comments: N/A

Future plans (plans for new collections, strategies, experiences etc.): N/A

Contact details: http://www.aka.fi/eng

The survey is available in the publication at: An example of the survey questionnaire was published as "Appendix VIII E" in Biotechnology in Finland. Impact of Public Research Funding and Strategies for the Future. Evaluation Report. The report is available on the Academy of Finland Web site: (http://www.aka.fi/eng -> Publications -> Publications series).

 

 

 

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