OECD Home › Statistics Directorate › Prices and purchasing power parities (PPP) › Publications & Documents
Publications & Documents
Data is available in index and in percentage change on the same period of the previous year. Consumer Prices Indices (CPI) are a general measure of inflation. CPI "all items non-food non-energy" is a measure of core inflation as used by the OECD although other approaches may be used by other organisations. The series are updated continuously.
Data is available in index and in percentage change on the same period of the previous year. Producer prices are PPI for manufacturing. However, some countries do not produce a PPI and a wholesale price index is used as a proxy. In addition, some countries do not have an index which covers only manufacturing. The series are updated continuously.
Consumer prices in the OECD area rose by 1.3% in the year to April 2013, the lowest annual inflation rate since October 2009. Energy prices fell to 1.3% in the year to April, compared with an increase of 0.9% in the year to March. On the other hand, annual food price inflation rose by 2.0% in April, up from 1.7% in March. Excluding food and energy, the OECD annual inflation rate slowed to 1.4% in April, compared with 1.6% in March.
Monthly comparative price levels are defined as the ratios of PPPs for private final consumption expenditure to exchange rates. The table is to be read vertically. Each column shows the number of specified monetary units needed in each of the countries listed to buy the same representative basket of consumer goods and services. In each case the representative basket costs a hundred units in the country whose currency is specified.
Purchasing power parities (PPPs) are the rates of currency conversion that eliminate the differences in price levels between countries. Per capita volume indices based on PPP converted data reflect only differences in the volume of goods and services produced. Comparative price levels are defined as the ratios of PPPs to exchange rates. They provide measures of the differences in price levels between countries. The PPPs are given in
Consumer prices in the OECD area rose by 1.6% in the year to March 2013, compared with 1.8% in the year to February 2013. This slowdown in the annual rate of inflation mainly reflects slower growth in food and especially in energy prices.
This Handbook provides, for the first time, comprehensive guidelines for the compilation of residential property prices indices (RPPIs) and explains in depth the methods and best practices used to calculate an RPPI. It also examines the underlying economic and statistical concepts and defines the principles guiding the methodological and practical choices for the compilation of the indices.
The OECD Purchasing Power Parities are subject to many questions. These Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) are made to help you answering them.
Consumer prices in the OECD area rose by 1.8% in the year to February 2013, compared with 1.7% in the year to January 2013. This slight increase in the annual rate of inflation masks opposing movements in energy and food prices.
This easing in the annual rate of inflation mainly reflected the slower growth in energy prices, which increased by 1.8% in the year to January, down from 2.9% in the year to December.