Publications & Documents

  • 23-July-2009


    Consumer confidence remains low but signs of improvement appear

    Consumer confidence indicators in recent months have pointed to a marked improvement in sentiment since the historic lows recorded towards the beginning of 2009. Whilst encouraging, some caution is needed as confidence remains low by historic standards. This is shown in the following graphs for the major seven OECD member countries and the country grouping "OECD Area", which put consumer confidence indicators in a historical context.

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  • 6-February-2009


    Financial crisis sees collapse in OECD consumer confidence

    Recent data on consumer confidence suggests that households are quite pessimistic on the severity of the current financial crisis, and its impact on the economy at large. Confidence indicators for OECD member countries in recent months have witnessed an almost unprecedented collapse, with some levels falling to the lowest on record.

  • 27-November-2008


    Handbook on constructing composite indicators: methodology and user guide

    A guide for constructing and using composite indicators for policy makers, academics, the media and other interested parties. In particular, this handbook is concerned with indicators which compare and rank country performance.

  • 28-February-2008

    English, , 262kb

    Statistics Brief No. 14 - Predicting the Business Cycle: How good are early estimates of OECD Composite Leading Indicators?

    For good economic policy making and many other economic agents’ decisions it is necessary to correctly assess the current and, especially, the future economic situation. Over the last 50 years several leading indicators have been developed to signal the movements, up and down, of future economic activity before they occur, as well as to provide some indication of the magnitude of those movements. One of the most well known (and

  • 10-August-2007


    OECD Business Cycle Analysis Database

    This database provides access to time series data for OECD Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), standardised consumer and business confidence indicators, business tendency survey indicators by sector and consumer opinion survey indicators as published in each monthly edition of the OECD Main Economic Indicators. Accessing this source data will enable users to analyse in depth the development of business cycles within and across

  • 5-July-2007


    Ask the economists: Statistics - separating facts from fiction

    Can we trust official statistics? Do they give us a true picture of how societies are changing? Enrico Giovannini, OECD Chief Statistician, will answer your questions on the role and future of statistics during an online debate between 14.00 and 16.00 Paris time on Thursday 12 July.

  • 25-May-2007


    Current period performance of OECD Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs) - Revision analysis of CLIs for OECD Member countries

    Statistics Working Paper N. 21 - 2007/1 - This paper presents a comprehensive analysis of the current period performance of the OECD composite leading indicators (CLIs) for 21 OECD Member countries and three zone aggregates (OECD area, Euro area and Major Seven countries) for which CLIs are available for a longer time period. The revisions analysis of OECD CLIs is similar to those recently undertaken by the Organisation for a range of

  • 15-February-2007


    Composite leading indicators and growth cycles in major OECD non-member economies and recently new OECD member countries

    Statistics Working Paper N. 20 - 2006/5 - The OECD developed a System of Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs) for its member countries in the early 1980.s based on the "growth cycle" approach and up to 2006 the Organisation compiled composite leading indicators for 23 of the 30 Member countries. Country coverage has now been expanded to include recently new OECD member countries (Korea, New Zealand1, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and

  • 31-December-2006


    Statistical news releases published after the above issue have been archived

    but they are still available upon request. If you would like to receive one specific issue please send its title and release date to

  • 12-April-2006

    English, , 431kb

    Composite Leading Indicators for Major OECD Non-member Economies (Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Russian Federation, South Africa) and Recently New OECD Member Countries (Korea, New Zealand, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovak Republic)

    The OECD has developed CLIs for the major six OECD non-member economies (Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Russian Federation and South Africa) monitored by the organisation and six recently new OECD member countries (Korea, New Zealand, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovak Republic). CLIs for above countries were released for the first time in April 2006. This technical paper which outlines the procedures used for compiling the

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