Publications & Documents


  • 9-May-2011

    English

    Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs), OECD, May 2011

    Composite leading indicators (CLIs) are pointing to some divergence in the pace of economic activity across major economies.

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  • 11-April-2011

    English

    Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs), OECD, April 2011

    Composite leading indicators (CLIs) for February 2011, designed to anticipate turning points in economic activity relative to trend, continue pointing to expansion in most OECD countries.

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  • 26-July-2010

    English

    Consumer confidence shows a slowing down in pace of recovery for the first half of 2010

    Consumer confidence in the OECD area has levelled out since January 2010, possibly announcing a new peak or maybe just indicating uncertainty in the coming months. Confidence levels remain historically low, a result of the financial crisis and indicating that the effects of the crisis are continuing to be felt by consumers who remain pessimistic about the future.

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  • 10-December-2009

    English, Excel, 171kb

    Interpreting OECD Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs)

    The recent economic and financial crisis has increased the spotlight on the OECD’s CLI and indeed broadened its base of users beyond its traditional specialised audience. To respond to the needs of this broader base, the OECD has decided to produce this note that provides a more accessible and less technical explanation of the CLI and the ways in which it should be interpreted.

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  • 23-July-2009

    English

    Consumer confidence remains low but signs of improvement appear

    Consumer confidence indicators in recent months have pointed to a marked improvement in sentiment since the historic lows recorded towards the beginning of 2009. Whilst encouraging, some caution is needed as confidence remains low by historic standards. This is shown in the following graphs for the major seven OECD member countries and the country grouping "OECD Area", which put consumer confidence indicators in a historical context.

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  • 6-February-2009

    English

    Financial crisis sees collapse in OECD consumer confidence

    Recent data on consumer confidence suggests that households are quite pessimistic on the severity of the current financial crisis, and its impact on the economy at large. Confidence indicators for OECD member countries in recent months have witnessed an almost unprecedented collapse, with some levels falling to the lowest on record.

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  • 27-November-2008

    English

    Handbook on constructing composite indicators: methodology and user guide

    A guide for constructing and using composite indicators for policy makers, academics, the media and other interested parties. In particular, this handbook is concerned with indicators which compare and rank country performance.

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  • 28-February-2008

    English, , 262kb

    Statistics Brief No. 14 - Predicting the Business Cycle: How good are early estimates of OECD Composite Leading Indicators?

    For good economic policy making and many other economic agents’ decisions it is necessary to correctly assess the current and, especially, the future economic situation. Over the last 50 years several leading indicators have been developed to signal the movements, up and down, of future economic activity before they occur, as well as to provide some indication of the magnitude of those movements. One of the most well known (and

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  • 10-August-2007

    English

    OECD Business Cycle Analysis Database

    This database provides access to time series data for OECD Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), standardised consumer and business confidence indicators, business tendency survey indicators by sector and consumer opinion survey indicators as published in each monthly edition of the OECD Main Economic Indicators. Accessing this source data will enable users to analyse in depth the development of business cycles within and across

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  • 5-July-2007

    English

    Ask the economists: Statistics - separating facts from fiction

    Can we trust official statistics? Do they give us a true picture of how societies are changing? Enrico Giovannini, OECD Chief Statistician, will answer your questions on the role and future of statistics during an online debate between 14.00 and 16.00 Paris time on Thursday 12 July.

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