Labour statistics

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  • Labour force statistics

    The International Labour Organisation (ILO) considers people of working age to be in one (and one only) of three situations in the labour market: employed, unemployed, or inactive. The employed and unemployed together are known as the labour force.

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  • Unemployment rate

    A closely watched indicator is the unemployment rate (the number of unemployed as a percentage of the labour force). The unemployment rate tracks what economists call “labour slack” – the match between the jobs on offer in an economy and the number of people seeking to work – and is a key indicator of a society’s economic and social well-being.

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  • Labour market situation

    Labour force data are typically analysed by gender, age group (youth, prime age, older). They are also frequently broken down in many other ways for specific policy purposes: by economic sector, by occupation, by level of education, full- and part-time workers, the short- and long-term unemployed.

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What's new

OECD employment rate increases to 67.2% in the fourth quarter of 2016 

Employment rates

Employment as a percentage of the working-age population

QES, Eng, Home/300‌‌

13/04/2017 - The OECD area employment rate – defined as the share of people of working-age in employment – increased by 0.2 percentage point in the fourth quarter of 2016, to 67.2%.

Compared to the previous quarter, the employment rate increased by 0.5 percentage point in Canada (to 72.9%), by 0.2 percentage point in the euro area (to 65.7%), the United Kingdom (to 73.7%) and the United States (to 69.5%) and by 0.1 percentage point in Japan (to 74.7%), Korea (to 66.3%) and Turkey (to 50.5%). Over the same period, the employment rate fell by 0.4 percentage point in Mexico (to 61.0%).  

Behind the numbers 


Further statistics on the labour market

Related labour topics