Labour statistics

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  • Labour force statistics

    The International Labour Organisation (ILO) considers people of working age to be in one (and one only) of three situations in the labour market: employed, unemployed, or inactive. The employed and unemployed together are known as the labour force.

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  • Unemployment rate

    A closely watched indicator is the unemployment rate (the number of unemployed as a percentage of the labour force). The unemployment rate tracks what economists call “labour slack” – the match between the jobs on offer in an economy and the number of people seeking to work – and is a key indicator of a society’s economic and social well-being.

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  • Labour market situation

    Labour force data are typically analysed by gender, age group (youth, prime age, older). They are also frequently broken down in many other ways for specific policy purposes: by economic sector, by occupation, by level of education, full- and part-time workers, the short- and long-term unemployed.

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What's new

OECD unemployment rate down to 6.1% in January 2017 

OECD Harmonised Unemployment Rates, s.a.

09/03/2017 - The OECD unemployment rate fell by 0.1 percentage point to 6.1% in January 2017 after two consecutive months of stability. Across the OECD area, 38.3 million people were unemployed, 5.7 million more than in April 2008, before the crisis.

The unemployment rate was stable in the euro area in January (at 9.6%) with unchanged rates in about half of the countries, and declined by 0.1.percentage point in the European Union (to 8.1%). A 0.2 percentage point decrease was recorded in Ireland (to 6.7%, the eighth consecutive monthly decline), Luxembourg (to 6.1%), the Slovak Republic (to 8.6%, having declined every month for more than one year) and Spain (to 18.2%, with almost continuous declines since the end of 2013).  

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Further statistics on the labour market

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