Labour statistics

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The International Labour Organisation (ILO) considers people of working age to be in one (and one only) of three situations in the labour market: employed, unemployed, or inactive. The employed and unemployed together are known as the labour force.
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A closely watched indicator is the unemployment rate (the number of unemployed as a percentage of the labour force). The unemployment rate tracks what economists call “labour slack” – the match between the jobs on offer in an economy and the number of people seeking to work – and is a key indicator of a society’s economic and social well-being.
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Labour force data are typically analysed by gender, age group (youth, prime age, older). They are also frequently broken down in many other ways for specific policy purposes: by economic sector, by occupation, by level of education, full- and part-time workers, the short- and long-term unemployed.
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What's new

Growth in OECD Unit Labour Costs slows to 0.5% in the second quarter of 2014

Annual ULC growth remains low in
most OECD countries

Year-on-year percentage change

‌‌ULC, 300, ENG, 09/2014

18/09/2014 - Unit labour costs (ULCs) in the OECD area rose by 0.5% in the second quarter of 2014, compared with 0.9% in the previous quarter. 

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