Labour statistics

Learn more

  • Labour force statistics

    The International Labour Organisation (ILO) considers people of working age to be in one (and one only) of three situations in the labour market: employed, unemployed, or inactive. The employed and unemployed together are known as the labour force.

    Read more
  • Unemployment rate

    A closely watched indicator is the unemployment rate (the number of unemployed as a percentage of the labour force). The unemployment rate tracks what economists call “labour slack” – the match between the jobs on offer in an economy and the number of people seeking to work – and is a key indicator of a society’s economic and social well-being.

    Read more
  • Labour market situation

    Labour force data are typically analysed by gender, age group (youth, prime age, older). They are also frequently broken down in many other ways for specific policy purposes: by economic sector, by occupation, by level of education, full- and part-time workers, the short- and long-term unemployed.

    Read more

What's new

OECD unemployment rate stable at 6.2% in December 2016 

OECD Harmonised Unemployment Rates, s.a.

09/022017 - The OECD unemployment rate was stable, at 6.2%, for the second consecutive month in December 2016. Across the OECD area, 38.5 million people were unemployed, 5.9 million more than in April 2008, before the crisis. 

The unemployment rate in the euro area declined in December by 0.1 percentage point, to 9.6%, its lowest level since May 2009, with the largest falls recorded in Portugal (down 0.3 percentage point, to 10.2%), Spain (down 0.3 percentage point, to 18.4%), the Slovak Republic (down 0.2 percentage point, to 8.8%) and the Netherlands (down 0.2 percentage point, to 5.4%). On the other hand, the unemployment rate increased by 0.2 percentage point in Latvia (to 9.8%) and by 0.1 percentage point in France (to 9.6%) and Luxembourg (to 6.3%).  

Behind the numbers 


Further statistics on the labour market

Related labour topics