Entrepreneurship and business statistics

Entrepreneurship at a Glance 2016

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Published on September 28, 2016

Also available in: French


This publication presents an original collection of indicators for measuring the state of entrepreneurship and its determinants, produced by the OECD-Eurostat Entrepreneurship Indicators Programme. The 2016 edition introduces data from a new online small and medium-sized enterprises (SME) survey prepared by Facebook in co-operation with the OECD and the World Bank. It also features a special chapter on SME productivity, and indicators to monitor gender gaps in entrepreneurship.


Executive summary
Reader's guide
Recent developments in entrepreneurship5 chapters available
New enterprise creations
Enterprise exits
Outlook and prospects of job creation
Structure and performance of the enterprise population5 chapters available
Enterprises by size
Employment by enterprise size
Value added by enterprise size
Turnover by enterprise size
Compensation of employees by enterprise size
Productivity by enterprise size3 chapters available
Productivity gaps across enterprises
Productivity growth by enterprise size
Business dynamics and productivity
Enterprise birth, death and survival4 chapters available
Birth rate of enterprises
Death rate of enterprises
Churn rate of enterprises
Survival of enterprises
Enterprise growth and employment creation3 chapters available
Employment creation and destruction by enterprise births and deaths
Employment creation in start-ups
High-growth enterprises rate
SMEs and international trade5 chapters available
Incidence of traders
Trade concentration
Trade by enterprise size
SMEs and market proximity
Trade by enterprise ownership
The profile of the entrepreneur5 chapters available
Gender differences in self-employment rates
Self-employment among the youth
Earnings from self-employment
Inventors by gender
Perception of entrepreneurial risk
Determinants of entrepreneurship: Venture capital3 chapters available
Venture capital investments
Venture capital investments by investee company
Venture capital investments by sector
Annexes3 chapters available
Sources of data on timely indicators of entrepreneurship
List of indicators of entrepreneurial determinants
International comparability of venture capital data
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Press conference with Martine Durand (OECD), Nicola Mendelsohn (Facebook) and Gero Carletto (World Bank)


Key findings by Martine Durand (OECD Chief Statistician)



Enterprise creation

Enterprise creation rates remain around 1/5 to 1/3 lower compared to pre-crisis levels in Finland, the US, Australia, Germany, Spain, Belgium and Italy. But higher in the UK, France, Sweden and the Netherlands. However the most recent data provide tentative signs of a turning point in most economies, with trends pointing up. This should provide an important longer term boost to productivity.


Women entrepreneurship 

Most countries show gender gaps in factors that are important for entrepreneurship, such as the access to money and to training to set up a business. However, evidence from the new Facebook-OECD-World Bank business survey suggests that once passed the barriers to create a business, women feel as confident as men about their enterprise.


Get real-time data

Entrepreneurship at a Glance is based on the OECD Structural Business Statistics, the OECD Business Demography Indicators and the Timely Indicators of Entrepreneurship databases. They contain more and longer time series than presented in the publication.  




For further information, please contact the Statistics Directorate at stat.contact@oecd.org.