Biographical note of Spain's Permanent Representative to the OECD.
The 2014 edition of National Accounts of OECD Countries, General Government Accounts is an annual publication, dedicated to government finance which is based on the System of National Accounts 2008 (SNA 2008) for all countries except Chile, Japan, Korea and Turkey (SNA 1993). It includes tables showing government aggregates and balances for the production, income and financial accounts as well as detailed tax and social contribution receipts and a breakdown of expenditure of general government by function, according to the harmonised international classification, COFOG. These detailed accounts are available for the general government sector. Data also cover the following sub-sectors, according to availability: central government, state government, local government and social security funds.
The data in this publication are also available on line via www.oecd-ilibrary.org under the title OECD National Accounts Statistics, General Government Accounts (http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/na-gga-data-en).
Since the last IEA review in 2009, Spain’s dependence on energy imports has decreased markedly, in part thanks to a rapid increase in renewable energy supply. Spain’s security of supply has further been improved with diversified import sources and enhanced storage capacity for both oil and gas.
In the electricity sector, Spain has built a large, diverse and reliable power generation fleet. After several years of efforts, the government has now also managed to solve the massive imbalance between the electricity system’s regulated costs and revenues. The broad and deep electricity market reform has fundamentally changed the remuneration scheme for renewable energy. Spain must now maintain its strong and long-term commitment to a financially sustainable electricity system. To improve investor confidence, it should also closely follow the principles of transparency, predictability and certainty when revising policies and regulations.
New momentum for establishing additional cross-border connections in electricity and gas will eventually enable Spain to use its large power and liquefied natural gas capacity to increase flexibility, diversity and security in the European Union internal market. The government should now focus on longer-term issues including energy demand and greenhouse gas emissions. A critical question is how to encourage the transition to a low-carbon energy system.
This review analyses the energy policy challenges Spain faces and provides sectoral recommendations for further policy improvements. It is intended to help guide the country towards a more secure and sustainable energy future.
English, PDF, 364kb
The labour market situation in Spain has improved considerably over the past year, marking a turning point from the crisis. Despite the growth in employment, the jobs gap induced by the crisis is still far from being closed. The employment rate in Spain has increased by approx. 2 p.p. since the beginning of 2014 to stand at 57% in 2015 Q1, still below the OECD average (66% in 2014 Q4).
Specific country notes have been prepared using data from the database OECD Health Statistics 2015, July 2015 version. The notes are available in PDF format.
English, PDF, 339kb
España ha tenido éxito en la reducción de mortalidad a causa de enfermedades cardiovasculares (ECV).
English, PDF, 322kb
Spain has been successful at reducing the mortality due to cardiovascular diseases (CVD). The mortality from CVD has decreased over the past few decades at a faster pace than the OECD average, reaching 204 per 100 000 population in 2012, 32% lower than the OECD average of 299 in 2011.
The Minister is here today to tell us more about her experience, also with regard to the broader area of social security and pensions. But the important lesson that I would like to stress before yielding her the floor is precisely the importance of standing by our members when we know that their policies point in the right direction and they need time to see the results.
English, PDF, 620kb
This country note provides information on latest trends in income inequalities as well as key findings from the 2015 OECD report "In it Together: Why less inequality benefits all".
English, PDF, 39kb
Levels of alcohol consumption in Spain have been decreasing progressively over the past 30 years, although they remain above the average of OECD countries. In 2010, an average of 9.8 litres of pure alcohol per capita is consumed in Spain, compared with an estimate of 9 litres in the OECD.