Un nuevo informe de la OCDE sostiene que, si bien es cierto que la economía española viene mostrando claros signos de recuperación y pese al descenso de la tasa de desempleo, es necesario adoptar medidas adicionales para mejorar el nivel de competencias de la población en España y eliminar los obstáculos que dificultan la innovación y creación de empleo.
While the economy is showing clear signs of recovery and unemployment levels are falling, further action is needed to improve people’s skills in Spain and remove barriers to innovation and employment, according to a new OECD report.
In 2014, Spain provided USD 1.9 billion in net ODA (preliminary data), which represented 0.14% of gross national income (GNI) and a 20.3% decrease in real terms from 2013 due mainly to lower levels of debt relief. Spain is the 22nd Development Assistance Committee (DAC) donor in terms of ODA as a percentage of GNI, and 15th largest by volume.
Biographical note of Spain's Permanent Representative to the OECD.
The 2014 edition of National Accounts of OECD Countries, General Government Accounts is an annual publication, dedicated to government finance which is based on the System of National Accounts 2008 (SNA 2008) for all countries except Chile, Japan, Korea and Turkey (SNA 1993). It includes tables showing government aggregates and balances for the production, income and financial accounts as well as detailed tax and social contribution receipts and a breakdown of expenditure of general government by function, according to the harmonised international classification, COFOG. These detailed accounts are available for the general government sector. Data also cover the following sub-sectors, according to availability: central government, state government, local government and social security funds.
The data in this publication are also available on line via www.oecd-ilibrary.org under the title OECD National Accounts Statistics, General Government Accounts (http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/na-gga-data-en).
Since the last IEA review in 2009, Spain’s dependence on energy imports has decreased markedly, in part thanks to a rapid increase in renewable energy supply. Spain’s security of supply has further been improved with diversified import sources and enhanced storage capacity for both oil and gas.
In the electricity sector, Spain has built a large, diverse and reliable power generation fleet. After several years of efforts, the government has now also managed to solve the massive imbalance between the electricity system’s regulated costs and revenues. The broad and deep electricity market reform has fundamentally changed the remuneration scheme for renewable energy. Spain must now maintain its strong and long-term commitment to a financially sustainable electricity system. To improve investor confidence, it should also closely follow the principles of transparency, predictability and certainty when revising policies and regulations.
New momentum for establishing additional cross-border connections in electricity and gas will eventually enable Spain to use its large power and liquefied natural gas capacity to increase flexibility, diversity and security in the European Union internal market. The government should now focus on longer-term issues including energy demand and greenhouse gas emissions. A critical question is how to encourage the transition to a low-carbon energy system.
This review analyses the energy policy challenges Spain faces and provides sectoral recommendations for further policy improvements. It is intended to help guide the country towards a more secure and sustainable energy future.
English, PDF, 364kb
The labour market situation in Spain has improved considerably over the past year, marking a turning point from the crisis. Despite the growth in employment, the jobs gap induced by the crisis is still far from being closed. The employment rate in Spain has increased by approx. 2 p.p. since the beginning of 2014 to stand at 57% in 2015 Q1, still below the OECD average (66% in 2014 Q4).
Specific country notes have been prepared using data from the database OECD Health Statistics 2015, July 2015 version. The notes are available in PDF format.
A dashboard of key government indicators by country, to help you analyse international comparisons of public sector performance.
English, PDF, 339kb
España ha tenido éxito en la reducción de mortalidad a causa de enfermedades cardiovasculares (ECV).