By putting a price on pollution, do environmentally related taxes spur innovation? Does the design of the tax play a critical role? What is the effect of this innovation? In analysing these questions, the report draws on case studies that cover Japan, Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, Israel and others. It also covers a wide set of environmental issues and technologies, as well as the economic and policy contexts.
Given the structural changes that have occurred in the global economy over the past twenty years, we should rethink the architecture of international co-operation, said Angel Gurría. He added that the multilateral system of the future needs to be more inclusive and should also reach out more effectively to non state actors: notably civil society and the private sector.
Es necesario repensar la arquitectura de la cooperación internacional a la luz de los importantes cambios estructurales que se han registrado en la economía mundial durante los últimos veinte años, según Angel Gurría.
Plan Avanza has created a large-scale information society agenda addressing the need for international and inter-regional convergence in ICT access and use, and greater integration of citizens, businesses and the public administration into the information society.
En España, la carga fiscal sobre las rentas salariales (impuesto sobre la renta y contribuciones salariales y patronales a la seguridad social) no ha cambiado prácticamente en términos de “brecha fiscal” en el período 2000-2009 (carga fiscal definida como la diferencia entre los costes laborales totales y la renta neta percibida por el asalariado: impuesto sobre la renta, más contribuciones a la seguridad social salariales y
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The following case study describes successful practices of regulatory management and competitiveness enhancement in the state of Catalonia, Spain.
This book sheds light on the use of tax expenditures, mainly through a study of ten OECD countries: Canada, France, Germany, Japan, Korea, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States. It highlights key trends and successful practices.
Through a diagnostic of the innovation system and the policy mix, the review offers some policy and governance recommendations to achieve the region’s desired transition in light of global trends in the innovation process and innovation policy.
This review of regional innovation assesses how to improve Catalonia's current strategy and actions in order to boost its innovation system through both its own programmes and those of Spain and the European Union.
This working paper is part of the OECD-Mexico initiative “Strengthening of Economic Competition and Regulatory Improvement for Competitiveness”. It summarises the findings of several case studies on best practices to promote regulatory reform and entrepreneurship at the sub-national level.