La crisis internacional ha obligado a Europa a hacer frente a serios desafíos. Muchos países han respondido con energía a través de ambiciosos paquetes de reformas. Sin embargo, los legados de la crisis, especialmente la elevada tasa de desempleo y las dificultades sociales que lleva aparejadas, siguen siendo graves.
Mr. Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD, was in Bilbao on 3 March 2014 to attend the Global Forum Spain “Spain: from Stability to Growth”, where he delivered a keynote speech on “Reforms in Europe: achievements and challenges”.
Spain has seen a recovery in output as a substantial reduction in unit labour costs improved its competitiveness.
The adjustment following the crisis has been particularly painful in Southern European countries, including Spain.
El ajuste producido como resultado de la crisis ha sido especialmente doloroso en países del sur de Europa, como España.
Spain has taken courageous steps to strengthen its labour market. Recent reforms have helped create jobs and should further boost competitiveness and employment in the years to come. But additional efforts are needed to boost competition in product markets and to improve assistance to job seekers, particularly young people, according to a new OECD report.
This report provides an initial evaluation of the comprehensive reform of the Spanish labour market undertaken in 2012. The report was commissioned to the OECD by the Spanish government and it complements the evaluation of the 2012 labour market reform undertaken by the Labour Ministry (Ministerio de Empleo y Seguridad Social (MEySS)) and presented in September 2013.
Individual country notes assessing how regions and cities contribute to national growth and the well-being of society.
English, PDF, 540kb
Note summarising Spain's performance in the PISA 2012 assessment of mathematics, reading and science.
English, PDF, 347kb
Concerns about the financial sustainability of the pension system, stemming from rapid population ageing and the economic crisis, have driven pension reforms in recent years. Average monetary living standards of the elderly are relatively high today and even more so when the role of housing is considered...