An ecosystem assessment is a social process through which the findings of science concerning the causes of ecosystem change, their consequences for human well-bring, and the management and policy options are evaluated. The main objective of the paper is to draw insights from experience in the UK, Japan, Spain and Portugal of the added value to policy making of undertaking national level ecosystem assessments.
Country notes outlining regional variations in health, jobs, safety, environment, access to services, civic engagement, housing, education, income, and employment. These notes are from the OECD publication "How's Life in Your Region?".
Getting regions and cities 'right', adapting policies to the specificities of where people live and work, is vital to improving citizens’ well-being. View the country factsheets from the publication OECD Regional Outlook 2014.
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Health policies in Spain have responded to some variations in health care, but more effort needed as wide variations persist.
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In 2012, 45% of the country’s 25-64 year-olds had below upper secondary education (i.e. had attained at most Educación Secundaria Obligatoria) as their highest level of attainment
Spain is emerging from a protracted recession, marked by a return to moderate growth and rising international competitiveness. Decisive banking and fiscal reforms, coupled with supportive monetary policy from the European Central Bank, have reduced financial tensions and improved public finance.
The Spanish economy is emerging from a protracted recession, marked by a return to moderate growth and rising international competitiveness. To ensure a sustainable recovery and a return to lower levels of unemployment, full implementation of ongoing structural reforms is needed, warned OECD Secretary-General.
Structural reforms (labour market, banking, fiscal) have put the economy on the road to recovery.
Mr. Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD, was in Spain on 8 September 2014 to present the OECD 2014 Economic Survey of Spain, with the participation of Minister Luis de Guindos. While in Madrid, the Secretary-General held meetings with the Spanish authorities.
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PISA 2012 financial literacy results focusing on the performance of Spain amongst 17 other countries and economies who participated in the assessment: Australia, Belgium (Flemish Community), Shanghai-China, Colombia, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, France, Israel, Italy, Latvia, New Zealand, Poland, Russia, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, and the United States