English, PDF, 199kb
Agricultural research fellowship award grants and international conferences sponsorships of the Co-operative Research Programme (CRP): Biological Resource Management for Sustainable Agricultural Systems; advice for applicants for funding.
English, PDF, 254kb
A two-page OECD summary and analysis of the Services Trade Restrictiveness Index results for Spain.
English, PDF, 105kb
The tax burden in Spain increased by 0.5 percentage points from 32.7% to 33.2% in 2014. The corresponding figures for the OECD average were an increase of 0.2 percentage points from 34.2% to 34.4%.
The 2015 edition introduces more detailed analysis of participation in early childhood and tertiary levels of education. The report also examines first generation tertiary-educated adults’ educational and social mobility, labour market outcomes for recent graduates, and participation in employer-sponsored formal and/or non-formal education.
Access latest developments on regulatory policy in Spain and its score on the 2015 Indicators of Regulatory Policy and Governance, and the 2000 OECD Review of Regulatory Reform and the 2010 report on Better Regulation.
While the economy is showing clear signs of recovery and unemployment levels are falling, further action is needed to improve people’s skills in Spain and remove barriers to innovation and employment, according to a new OECD report.
In 2014, Spain provided USD 1.9 billion in net ODA (preliminary data), which represented 0.14% of gross national income (GNI) and a 20.3% decrease in real terms from 2013 due mainly to lower levels of debt relief. Spain is the 22nd Development Assistance Committee (DAC) donor in terms of ODA as a percentage of GNI, and 15th largest by volume.
Biographical note of Spain's Permanent Representative to the OECD.
Since the last IEA review in 2009, Spain’s dependence on energy imports has decreased markedly, in part thanks to a rapid increase in renewable energy supply. Spain’s security of supply has further been improved with diversified import sources and enhanced storage capacity for both oil and gas.
In the electricity sector, Spain has built a large, diverse and reliable power generation fleet. After several years of efforts, the government has now also managed to solve the massive imbalance between the electricity system’s regulated costs and revenues. The broad and deep electricity market reform has fundamentally changed the remuneration scheme for renewable energy. Spain must now maintain its strong and long-term commitment to a financially sustainable electricity system. To improve investor confidence, it should also closely follow the principles of transparency, predictability and certainty when revising policies and regulations.
New momentum for establishing additional cross-border connections in electricity and gas will eventually enable Spain to use its large power and liquefied natural gas capacity to increase flexibility, diversity and security in the European Union internal market. The government should now focus on longer-term issues including energy demand and greenhouse gas emissions. A critical question is how to encourage the transition to a low-carbon energy system.
This review analyses the energy policy challenges Spain faces and provides sectoral recommendations for further policy improvements. It is intended to help guide the country towards a more secure and sustainable energy future.
A dashboard of key government indicators by country, to help you analyse international comparisons of public sector performance.