Reforms over the past two decades have produced a well-balanced, modern tax system. However, considerable revenues will be needed in the years ahead to expand social spending and infrastructure in order to raise growth and well-being. The challenge is to generate these revenues without penalising growth or exacerbating inequality.
The 2015 edition introduces more detailed analysis of participation in early childhood and tertiary levels of education. The report also examines first generation tertiary-educated adults’ educational and social mobility, labour market outcomes for recent graduates, and participation in employer-sponsored formal and/or non-formal education.
English, PDF, 353kb
Continued spatial segregation undermines labour-market performance and reinforces disparities in access to essential services and economic opportunity. As South Africa continues to urbanise, it needs policies that support a better location of affordable housing and improved transport provision.
English, PDF, 372kb
South Africa has a solid legislative framework for combating the bribery of foreign public officials in international business transactions, yet it needs to better enforce the law prohibiting the bribery of foreign public officials and make sure that South African companies know how to effectively prevent such bribery in their foreign business deals.
English, PDF, 343kb
Addressing poor labour market outcomes for youth will require measures to boost job creation, increase employability through better education and training, promote entrepreneurship, improve job quality, and strengthen social protection.
English, PDF, 350kb
South Africa conducted a comprehensive review of its state-owned enterprise sector in 2012, initiated at the request of the Presidency. Implementation of the review’s recommendations is now of critical importance and can be supported by adopting international best practices.
English, PDF, 355kb
There is scope to further improve South Africa’s investment climate. Investors cite concerns such as frequent policy changes, uncertainty of regulation, and corruption as limiting factors. In addition, recent electricity shortages are likely to be weighing on private investment.
English, PDF, 344kb
South Africa has made impressive progress in improving access to education, but persistent inequities and poor education quality lead to low education outcomes.
In 2014 South Africa’s growth continued to slow down, recording only 1.5%, the weakest performance since the global financial crisis. The nation’s economy was affected by its most protracted industrial action since the end of apartheid and significantly weak demand from trading partners.
The social progress South Africa has made over the past two decades is impressive. The transition to democracy has of course been a defining feature, and successive governments have implemented policies to increase well-being. The expansion of social grants has lifted many South Africans out of absolute poverty. This progress has been underpinned by a sound framework for macroeconomic policy.