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Social and welfare issues

Society at a Glance: Asia/Pacific 2019

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Published on March 19, 2019

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This is the fourth edition of Society at a Glance Asia/Pacific, the OECD’s overview of social indicators for the region. The report addresses the growing demand for quantitative evidence on social well-being and its trends across countries in Asia and the Pacific.  Chapter 1 introduces this volume and provides readers with a guide to help them interpret OECD social indicators. Chapter 2 focuses on issues around extending coverage and the future of social protection in Asia and the Pacific. Already, there are many workers in Asia and the Pacific whose job does not entitle them to social and health supports. Digitalisation and changes in the nature of work may lead to further job-loss, but also increase economic labour market and economic inequalities between high- and low-skilled workers; workers with and without access to social benefits. These rising inequalities will further challenge social policy development in its quest to get support to those who need it most. The chapter includes some country programme examples to illustrate possible policy responses. Chapter 3 to 7 each present five indicators on general context, self-sufficiency, equity, health and social cohesion.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Foreword
Acronyms and conventional signs
Executive summary
OECD/Korea Policy Centre
Introduction to Society at a Glance Asia/Pacific
Extending coverage and the future of social protection in Asia and the Pacific
General context indicators5 chapters available
GDP per capita
Fertility
Marriage and divorce
International migration
Old-age support ratio
Self-sufficiency5 chapters available
Labour force participation
Employment
Early Childhood Education and Care
Educational attainment and student performance
Education spending
Equity5 chapters available
Poverty
Income inequality
Pensions: coverage and replacement rates
Public social expenditure
Solidarity
Health5 chapters available
Life expectancy
Infant and child mortality
Child malnutrition (including under nutrition and overweight)
Health expenditure
Hospital activities
Social cohesion indicators5 chapters available
Life satisfaction
Confidence in institutions
Trust and safety
Tolerance
Voting
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