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Despite significant increases in spending on child care and education during the last decade, PISA scores suggest that educational performance remains static, uneven and strongly related to parents’ income and background.
- Economic survey of the United Kingdom 2011
This paper explores the role of macroeconomic factors and structural policies in shaping the distribution of labour income.
Over the past decades, top incomes have soared, especially in the English-speaking countries. Despite a considerable amount of research on top income developments, there is still substantial disagreement about the causes for their rapid increase.
Unconditional and conditional quantile regressions are used to explore the determinants of labour earnings at different parts of the distribution and, hence, the determinants of overall labour earnings inequality.
This paper looks at how the income distribution in countries changes when the value of publicly-provided services to households is included.
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This paper documents the increase in labour disputes in China and seeks to understand their determinants. It was written as a background document for the Perspectives on Global Development 2012: Social cohesion in a shifting world along with case studies on Chile and India.
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Updated estimates of the additional financial resources needed in developing countries to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are presented in this paper. The international community needs to broaden its notion of development co-operation to reach the MDGs by the 2015 deadline.
Using plant-level data from the Annual Survey of Industries for the fiscal years 1998-99 through 2007-08, this study provides plant-level cross-state/time-series evidence of the impact of employment protection legislation on total factor productivity¨and labour productivity in India.
Overall, the education system fares well by international comparison. Slovenia has one of the highest shares of the population aged 25 to 64 to have completed at least upper secondary education, and ranks high in international educational achievement tests.
- Economic Survey of Slovenia 2011
After a recession of historic proportions, an export-led recovery is gaining traction in Ireland. The pace of recovery, however, varies sharply across sectors.
- Economic Survey of Ireland 2011