Working Papers


  • 17-July-2014

    English

    Overcoming skills shortages in Canada

    Skills shortages have developed in certain fields and regions in recent years. Earnings premiums for people in some professions, notably health, engineering and skilled trades have increased.

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  • 15-July-2014

    English

    Vulnerability of social institutions: lessons from the recent crisis and historical episodes

    The recent economic crisis has provided a stress test for the vulnerability of social institutions. This paper assesses the vulnerability of social institutions in light of the current crisis, and surveys past episodes, when social institutions faced similar challenges.

  • 15-July-2014

    English

    Overcoming vulnerabilities of pension systems

    Demographic developments are unfavourable for the financing of pension schemes in most OECD countries, implying continued growth in pension expenditure in virtually all OECD countries. This paper examines the vulnerability of pension systems, with an emphasis on financial sustainability and adequacy.

  • 15-July-2014

    English

    Overcoming vulnerabilities of unemployment insurance schemes

    Unemployment insurance is a key tool for risk sharing and redistribution and also a prominent automatic stabiliser. It is a volatile spending item by design, which can lead to vulnerabilities. This paper explores various shocks and sources of vulnerability of the unemployment insurance schemes of OECD and BRIICS countries.

  • 15-July-2014

    English

    Overcoming vulnerabilities of health care systems

    This paper investigates the vulnerabilities of health care systems in OECD and BRIICS countries to adverse secular trends and large macroeconomic shocks.

  • 15-July-2014

    English

    Comparing the robustness of PAYG pension schemes

    This paper provides a framework for comparing a defined benefit (DB) and a defined contribution (DC) point schemes, which are both pay-as-you go (PAYG) financed.

  • 19-June-2014

    English

    Can increasing inequality be a steady state?

    Statistics Working Paper N. 56 - 2014/1 - This paper compares long-run levels of real income growth at the very top, and for the bottom 90% and bottom 99% in the United States, Canada and Australia to illustrate the uniqueness of the post-WWII period of balanced growth (and consequent stability in the income distribution).

  • 10-June-2014

    English

    Making the labour market work better in Poland

    Poor labour market outcomes remain one of Poland’s major structural weaknesses, impeding firms’ competitiveness and the nation’s potential output. Boosting employment prospects is also critical, as the country will soon be ageing at a fast pace.

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  • 10-June-2014

    English

    Tackling labour mismatches and promoting mobility in Hungary

    Significant labour market mismatches and insufficient mobility penalise employment and productivity. Mismatches have above all a skills dimension, with an excess of low-skilled workers and a possible lack of skilled workers in certain domains.

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  • 5-June-2014

    English

    The economic consequences of ageing: the case of Finland

    Finland’s population is set to age rapidly in the coming decades. This will put pressure on public finances, while shrinking labour resources. Nonetheless, solutions exist to alleviate those pressures. Adjusting the pension age in line with the rise in life expectancy would reduce pension costs and increase older workers’ employment, provided it is accompanied by the removal of the pathways to early retirement.

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