Working Papers


15-October-2009

English

Towards Better Schools and More Equal Opportunities for Learning in Italy

Compulsory school education in Italy produces poor results in terms of 15-year-olds’ performance on PISA tests, compared with other OECD countries, despite a relatively high level of expenditure, as discussed in this working paper.

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15-October-2009

English

Iceland: The Financial and Economic Crisis (Economics Department Working Paper 725)

This working paper begins with a discussion of the factors that made the banks, non-financial firms and households vulnerable to deterioration in global financial markets. It then describes the failure of the banks, its direct impact on government debt, the IMF SBA and the economic outlook.

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14-October-2009

English

Children of Immigrants in the Labour Markets of EU and OECD Countries: An Overview (Social, Employment and Migration Working Paper No. 97)

This document provides a first comparative overview of the presence and outcomes of the children of immigrants in the labour markets of OECD countries, based on a collection of data from 16 OECD countries with large immigrant populations.

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13-October-2009

English

Income Distribution and Subjective Happiness: A Survey (Social, Employment and Migration Working Paper No. 96)

This survey summarises the insights that the new literature based on subjective data has shed on the issue of income inequality and income comparisons. It reviews the various channels that relate income distribution and subjective well-being.

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23-September-2009

English

Raising Education Outcomes in Greece

Despite progress over the past decades, Greece’s educational indicators lag behind those of other OECD countries. PISA scores are low, a large number of tertiary students study abroad, and attainment rates are low at all levels of education, as discussed in this working paper.

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16-September-2009

English

The Welfare Effects of Social Mobility (OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers No. 93)

This paper analyses whether a socially mobile society is conducive to subjective well-being. Using socio-demographic information in 30 OECD countries from the World Values Survey, this study shows that living in a socially mobile society is conducive to individual life satisfaction.

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11-August-2009

English

How Expensive is the Welfare State? Gross and Net Indicators in the OECD Social Expenditure Database (SOCX) (Social, Employment and Migration Working Paper No. 92)

This paper presents information on trends and composition of social expenditure across the OECD. This paper also accounts for the effects of the tax system and private social expenditure.

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10-August-2009

English

Should Pension Systems Recognise "Hazardous and Arduous Work"? (Social, Employment and Migration Working Paper No. 91)

Special pensions for workers in hazardous or arduous jobs have long been a feature of the pension landscape and, recently, they are the subject of a great deal of debate. This paper discusses the incidence, structure and justification of these special pension schemes in OECD countries.

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7-August-2009

English

Improving the functioning of the Slovenian labour market

Labour market outcomes have improved markedly in the past years as the beneficial effects of the economic upswing were reinforced by important structural reforms.

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15-July-2009

English

The effectiveness of education and health spending among Brazilian municipalities

This paper uses a large dataset combining census, household survey and budgetary data for nearly 4 000 Brazilian municipalities to estimate the impact of government spending on education and health outcomes.

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