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Special pensions for workers in hazardous or arduous jobs have long been a feature of the pension landscape and, recently, they are the subject of a great deal of debate. This paper discusses the incidence, structure and justification of these special pension schemes in OECD countries.
Labour market outcomes have improved markedly in the past years as the beneficial effects of the economic upswing were reinforced by important structural reforms.
This paper uses a large dataset combining census, household survey and budgetary data for nearly 4 000 Brazilian municipalities to estimate the impact of government spending on education and health outcomes.
Our findings show that an increase in the minimum to mean wage ratio is associated with a net increase in employment: a rise in informal sector employment more than compensates for job losses in the formal sector.
This paper breaks new ground by providing comparable estimates of intergenerational wage and education persistence across 14 European OECD countries based on a new micro data from Eurostat.
This paper focuses on inequalities in learning opportunities for individuals coming from different socio-economic backgrounds as a measure of (in) equality of opportunity in OECD countries and looks at the role played by policies and institutions in shaping countries’ relative positions.
This paper assesses recent patterns in intergenerational social mobility across OECD countries and examines the role that public policies can play in affecting such mobility.
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The rapid and massive increase in rural-to-urban worker flows to the coast of China has drawn recent attention to the welfare of migrants working in urban regions, particularly to their working conditions and pay; serious concern is raised regarding pay discrimination against rural migrants.
This report presents the results of a first attempt to create a framework for assessing the performance of national family policies. The report is part of a joint EU and OECD project, which aims to help the EU Government Expert Group on Demographic Issues in evaluating national family policies.
This paper formalises the analysis of the employment-productivity trade-off by extending the framework developed by Gordon (1997) to account for labour heterogeneity.