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This paper uses an impulse-response function approach to assess the magnitude and persistence of the labour force participation effects of downturns for a sample of 30 countries over the period 1960-2008.
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This paper analyses the links between emigration and labour markets in Honduras and finds that a 10% increase in emigration from Honduras increased wages in Honduras by around 10%, an increase which is higher than previous findings in other countries – but diminishing over time.
This paper critically reviews the current state of cross-country research on informality and discusses how existing data sources can be more effectively employed and extended to shed light on the link between public policies and informality.
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This working paper uses an agricultural household model to explore the impact of potential immigration policy reforms on the welfare of rural households in Burkina Faso.
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This working paper presents findings from an evaluation of the impacts of immigration policies on the welfare of migrants and their families in migrant-sending countries, focussing on Mexico and Nicaragua (US policies in the first case and US and Costa Rican policies in the second).
Australia faces the mutually reinforced challenges of boosting labour supply and promoting social inclusion. Labour underutilisation is especially prevalent among groups such as lone parents, people with disability, and Indigenous Australians.
- Economic Survey of Australia 2010
After steady employment growth since the 1990s, Spain has experienced the sharpest increase in unemployment among OECD countries during the crisis, amplified by structural problems of the labour market.
- Economic Survey of Spain 2010
After the onset of the crisis, unemployment in Sweden increased markedly, though much less than expected and than during the early 1990s, even as participation in the labour market held up well.
- Economic Survey of Sweden 2011
Public spending per pupil on pre-primary education is low in international comparison whereas spending on tertiary academic education per graduate is among the highest in the OECD.
- Economic Survey of Switzerland 2009: Getting out of the crisis
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Social protection coverage is quite low in Latin America. This situation represents a challenge for public policy since these low levels of affiliation and irregular contribution histories indicate that pensions will be insufficient in the coming decades.