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Stimulating competition, innovation and investment in services and fostering the employment of low-skilled workers would help increase potential output and social cohesion.
While Austria’s education system has long equipped the Austrian labour force with good vocational skills, it now faces major challenges to provide youth with new, higher and more generic skills.
Though labour market outcomes have improved markedly in past years, some challenges remain such as low labour force participation of the elderly, low employment rates of youth and rising labour market dualism.
The authorities have undertaken numerous structural reforms since the last OECD Economic Survey was published in June 2007 and many of those reforms go in the direction of the recommendations offered at that time. These efforts will have to be pursued and the momentum of reform maintained, with the greatest challenge being to raise the employment rate of youths and seniors in order to restore the health of public finances and sustain
More flexible labour markets will be a key adjustment mechanism in the current recession as well as in the medium term if Estonia is to become a knowledge-based economy.
¿Cuáles son los costes y las ventajas de las migraciones para los países en desarrollo? ¿Cómo se puede mejorar la organización de estos flujos? Esta publicación intenta aportar respuestas a estas preguntas, basándose en lo que sabemos sobre los efectos de las migraciones en el desarrollo.
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This report summarises the OECD's cross-cutting work on gender and aims to increase understanding of the role of women in maintaining the three pillars – economic, social and environmental – of sustainable development.
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This note, taken from Chapter 3 of Economic Policy Reforms: Going for Growth 2009, contains information about the progress in implementing reforms in line with the 2008 priorities for the United States.
This single-country report in the OECD series Sickness, Disability and Work explores some of the reasons behind this phenomena in Sweden and the potential of its innovative recent and ongoing reforms.
Chapter 2 of the OECD Economic Policy Reforms: Going for growth 2008. This chapter contains information about the progress in implementing reforms in line with the 2007 priorities for individual OECD member countries and for the European Union. In addition to passing of legislation or other decisions to implement reforms, the notes record earlier stages of reform, such as government announcements, and draft legislation presented to