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This note presents key findings related to income inequality and poverty for Germany, with global trends among OECD countries. More information in German about "Growing Unequal? Income Distribution and Poverty in OECD Countries".
English, , 248kb
This note presents key findings related to income inequality and poverty for Canada, with global trends among OECD countries.
Has income inequality increased over time? Who has gained and who has lost in this process? Has this process affected all OECD countries uniformly? These are some of the questions addressed in this OECD report that compares poverty and income distribution in 30 countries.
Despite considerable progress in many areas, there remains substantial scope for making government operations more cost-effective. Brazil spends a high share of GDP on selected government financed programmes in relation to many OECD countries and its emerging-market peers, but outcome indicators are often comparatively poor. As a result, in the absence of efficiency gains, further increases in spending would need to be financed
Stimulating competition, innovation and investment in services and fostering the employment of low-skilled workers would help increase potential output and social cohesion.
While Austria’s education system has long equipped the Austrian labour force with good vocational skills, it now faces major challenges to provide youth with new, higher and more generic skills.
Though labour market outcomes have improved markedly in past years, some challenges remain such as low labour force participation of the elderly, low employment rates of youth and rising labour market dualism.
The authorities have undertaken numerous structural reforms since the last OECD Economic Survey was published in June 2007 and many of those reforms go in the direction of the recommendations offered at that time. These efforts will have to be pursued and the momentum of reform maintained, with the greatest challenge being to raise the employment rate of youths and seniors in order to restore the health of public finances and sustain
More flexible labour markets will be a key adjustment mechanism in the current recession as well as in the medium term if Estonia is to become a knowledge-based economy.