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Reports


  • 7-May-2019

    English

    Investing in Youth: Finland

    The series Investing in Youth builds on the expertise of the OECD on youth employment, social support and skills. It covers both OECD countries and key emerging economies. The report on Finland presents new results from a comprehensive analysis of the situation of young people in Finland, exploiting various sources of survey-based and administrative data. It provides a detailed assessment of education, employment and social policies in Finland from an international perspective, and offers tailored recommendations to help improve the school-to-work transition. Earlier reviews in the same series have looked at youth policies in Brazil (2014), Latvia and Tunisia (2015), Australia, Lithuania and Sweden (2016), Japan (2017), Norway (2018) and Peru (2019).
  • 6-May-2019

    English, PDF, 1,131kb

    Lessons from the EU-SPS Programme: Optimising the role of development partners for social protection

    This paper examines how donors and development partners have supported developing countries in establishing social protection systems. It charts the evolution of social protection across Africa, Asia and Latin America since the 1990s and analyses how donors have both responded to and contributed to this trajectory.

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  • 6-May-2019

    English, PDF, 1,330kb

    Lessons from the EU-SPS Programme: Implementing social protection strategies

    This paper provides guidance for moving from social protection strategies to their implementation. It highlights the potential of a social protection system in generating synergies but also recognizes the challenges in terms of weaving together instruments of social protection to not only tackle poverty and vulnerability but also strengthen inclusive social development.

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  • 6-May-2019

    English, PDF, 1,377kb

    Lessons from the EU-SPS Programme: Monitoring and evaluating social protection systems

    This paper provides guidance on developing robust monitoring and evaluation (M&E) systems as tools to assess the effectiveness and potential areas of improvement of social protection systems.

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  • 2-May-2019

    English, PDF, 8,075kb

    Can Social Protection Be an Engine for Inclusive Growth?

    This report challenges us to think deeply about the economic rationale for social protection investments through an inclusive development lens. It helps us understand the links between social protection, growth and inequality; how to measure those links empirically; social protection’s impact on inclusive growth; and how to build a more solid economic case for greater social protection investments

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  • 1-May-2019

    English

    Under Pressure: The Squeezed Middle Class

    Middle-class households feel left behind and have questioned the benefits of economic globalisation. In many OECD countries, middle incomes have grown less than the average and in some they have not grown at all. Technology has automated several middle-skilled jobs that used to be carried out by middle-class workers a few decades ago. The costs of some goods and services such as housing, which are essential for a middle-class lifestyle, have risen faster than earnings and overall inflation. Faced with this, middle classes have reduced their ability to save and in some cases have fallen into debt. This report sheds light on the multiple pressures on the middle class. It analyses the trends of middle-income households through dimensions such as labour occupation, consumption, wealth and debt, as well as perceptions and social attitudes. It also discusses policy initiatives to address the concerns raised by the middle class, by protecting middle-class living standards and financial security in the face of economic challenges.
  • 24-April-2019

    English

    Can Social Protection Be an Engine for Inclusive Growth?

    The potential role of social protection in the development process has received heightened recognition in recent years, yet making a strong investment case for social protection remains particularly challenging in many emerging and developing countries. This report challenges us to think deeply about the economic rationale for social protection investments through an inclusive development lens. It helps us understand the links between social protection, growth and inequality; how to measure those links empirically; social protection’s impact on inclusive growth; and how to build a more solid economic case for greater social protection investments.The report adds to the debate on social protection in three ways. First, it proposes a methodological framework to conceptualise and measure the impact of social protection on what the OECD defines as inclusive growth. Second, it provides new empirical evidence on the impact of different social protection programmes on inclusive growth. Third, it helps strengthen the case for greater investments in social protection while also calling for better data to measure impacts.
  • 19-April-2019

    English, PDF, 1,957kb

    Social Protection System Review: A Toolkit

    The toolkit presents methodologies which can be implemented in any country, at any income level and by any institution. It is intended to generate policy recommendations that are actionable through national systems.

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  • 19-April-2019

    English, PDF, 1,621kb

    Financing Social Protection in Namibia

    This paper charts the evolution of social protection provision and expenditure, locates social protection within the context of Namibia’s broader fiscal framework and proposes options for enhancing its impact without increasing public spending.

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  • 17-April-2019

    English

    Fast Forward to Gender Equality - Mainstreaming, Implementation and Leadership

    This report maps strategies, governance tools, institutional settings and innovative approaches used by governments across the OECD to drive and support society-wide gender equality goals. It covers all state institutions, including legislatures and judiciaries, and discusses the challenges faced by OECD countries in achieving long-lasting impact. Finally, the report provides policy guidance for state institutions, supported by examples of what works across the OECD. This report establishes a baseline for monitoring progress, based on the 2015 OECD Recommendation of the Council on Gender Equality in Public Life.
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