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Has income inequality increased over time? Who has gained and who has lost in this process? Has this process affected all OECD countries uniformly? These are some of the questions addressed in this OECD report that compares poverty and income distribution in 30 countries.
Despite considerable progress in many areas, there remains substantial scope for making government operations more cost-effective. Brazil spends a high share of GDP on selected government financed programmes in relation to many OECD countries and its emerging-market peers, but outcome indicators are often comparatively poor. As a result, in the absence of efficiency gains, further increases in spending would need to be financed
Stimulating competition, innovation and investment in services and fostering the employment of low-skilled workers would help increase potential output and social cohesion.
While Austria’s education system has long equipped the Austrian labour force with good vocational skills, it now faces major challenges to provide youth with new, higher and more generic skills.
Though labour market outcomes have improved markedly in past years, some challenges remain such as low labour force participation of the elderly, low employment rates of youth and rising labour market dualism.
The authorities have undertaken numerous structural reforms since the last OECD Economic Survey was published in June 2007 and many of those reforms go in the direction of the recommendations offered at that time. These efforts will have to be pursued and the momentum of reform maintained, with the greatest challenge being to raise the employment rate of youths and seniors in order to restore the health of public finances and sustain
More flexible labour markets will be a key adjustment mechanism in the current recession as well as in the medium term if Estonia is to become a knowledge-based economy.
¿Cuáles son los costes y las ventajas de las migraciones para los países en desarrollo? ¿Cómo se puede mejorar la organización de estos flujos? Esta publicación intenta aportar respuestas a estas preguntas, basándose en lo que sabemos sobre los efectos de las migraciones en el desarrollo.
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This report summarises the OECD's cross-cutting work on gender and aims to increase understanding of the role of women in maintaining the three pillars – economic, social and environmental – of sustainable development.
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This note, taken from Chapter 3 of Economic Policy Reforms: Going for Growth 2009, contains information about the progress in implementing reforms in line with the 2008 priorities for the United States.