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This note is taken from Chapter 3 of Economic Policy Reforms: Going for Growth 2010.
Despite substantial income from petroleum wealth, Norway is nevertheless confronted with fiscal challenges in the long term.
This document gives a detailed overview of gender differences in OECD countries on main employment and social issues: women in OECD countries earn 18% less than men, only about one-third of managerial posts are held by a woman, many more women work in part-time jobs than men...
Policymaking in China has put increasing emphasis on stemming the growth in inequality. New indicators suggest that overall inequality has ceased to increase recently, and may even have declined.
Chile has made impressive progress in educational attainment but still needs to catch up with OECD quality standards, and equity problems need to be addressed.
Israel’s education system produces many tertiary graduates but there are wide gaps across society and core skills at secondary school are weak.
Despite some best-practice policies, challenges remain in raising employment and lowering poverty, particularly among Arab-Israeli and Ultra-orthodox households.
This review of Israeli labour market and social policy finds that Israel has enjoyed strong economic growth over the last decade but the benefits of this are being distributed unevenly.
The Swiss education system performs well in many important dimensions. Remaining challenges include raising education outcomes of children with modest socio-economic background. Removing barriers to higher tertiary attainment could also help raise productivity.
Labour productivity decelerated due to a slowdown in capital deepening related to the trend increase in employment. Policies in the areas of research and development, innovation, entrepreneurship, product market regulation and taxation could raise productivity growth.