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Recent debates of Basic Income proposals shine a useful spotlight on the challenges that traditional forms of income support are increasingly facing, and highlight gaps in social provisions that largely depend on income or employment status. Reforms towards more universal income support would need to be introduced in stages, requiring a parallel debate on how to finance a more equal sharing of the benefits of economic growth.
The Pension Policy Notes summarise the main features of countries’ pension systems and the policy challenges each of them faces and the Pension Policy Reviews provide an in-depth analysis of the different components of countries’ pension systems.
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Brazil’s old-age pensions have reduced old-age poverty below OECD levels, but pension expenditures of 8.2% of GDP are expected to rise rapidly as the population ages. A pension reform is necessary to ensure the financial sustainability of the system.
English, PDF, 354kb
Sweden’s government has reinvigorated the country’s long standing commitment to gender budgeting, taking into account the effects on gender equality when making decisions on the direction and distribution of resources and work is under way to strengthen gender-responsive budgeting efforts.
English, PDF, 564kb
The national unemployment rate in Sweden has fallen to less than 7%, but this aggregate number hides important regional disparities which are partly due to inadequate or mismatched skills. To reduce these imbalances, Sweden needs to enhance the engagement of employers at the local level, strengthen regional skills planning, and inject more flexibility in the management of employment and skills policies.
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New OECD data show that: Income inequality remains at record-high levels in many countries despite declining unemployment and improving employment rates; Higher-income households benefited more from the recovery than those with middle and lower incomes; Redistribution, which cushioned the impact of the crisis in early years, has been weakening during the recovery in a majority of countries.
This brief produced by the OECD-DAC Network on Gender Equality (GENDERNET) and the DAC Working Party on Development Finance Statistics (WP-STAT), provides an overview of official development assistance (ODA) going to women’s economic empowerment. It identifies key trends, financing gaps and priority areas for improving donor support in this area.
Aid in support of gender equality and women's empowerment - annual statistical charts (March 2016) summarises the latest statistics on aid focused on gender equality and women’s empowerment for each DAC member for 2013-14.
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All OECD countries, except the United States, provide nationwide paid maternity leave. Over half also offer paternity leave to fathers right after childbirth. By enabling fathers to take on a greater share of the childcare burden, parental leave can support women’s careers.
English, PDF, 367kb
Income inequality in Brazil has steadily decreased since the early 2000s. Further progress in reducing inequality requires a policy package built on three pillars: promoting inclusive employment, improving the redistributive effectiveness of the tax and benefit system and investing more into education and skills.