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OECD analysis shows that income inequality has been on the rise in most OECD countries since the 1980s, which often means growing exclusion in the labour market, lower intergenerational social mobility, and greater polarisation in educational and health outcomes.
Reconciling work and family commitments is a challenge in every country, but particularly for Japanese men and women. Much more so than in most other OECD countries, men and women have to choose between babies and bosses: men choose bosses, women less so, but on the whole there are very few babies and there is too little female employment. These shortcomings are increasingly coming to the fore and will have to be addressed.
Addressing the “unfinished business” of the MDGs for women and girls will require a strong post-2015 framework that places a high priority on achieving gender equality and women’s rights.
Gender equality and women’s rights are essential to achieving the unfinished business of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). It is time to back up political promises with action and resources. Increased investments in five key areas will have catalytic effects on the lives of women and girls, and accelerate development progress beyond 2015.
China is currently strengthening its social safety nets and creating a modern welfare state. A minimum income standard is in place for all residents, and nearly everyone benefits from at least some measure of health insurance. But going forward, further reforms are needed to meet the demands of an increasingly urban population, said OECD Secretary-General in Beijing.
Income inequality and social divisions could worsen and become entrenched unless governments act quickly to boost support for the most vulnerable in society, according to a new OECD report.
This edition of Society at a Glance addresses the growing demand for quantitative evidence on social well-being and its trends with a special chapter on the social consequences of the global crisis.
Replacement rates (gross and net), country specific files, models and calculator provide detailed descriptions of all cash benefits available to those in and out of work as well as the taxes they were liable&
English, Excel, 285kb
B&W - Net Cost of Childcare and Participation Tax Rates, 2004, 2008, 2012
Inequality is a multi-dimensional challenge, it goes beyond income and it affects the well-being of our people. Evidence now tells us that the levels of inequality are becoming an impediment for progress, and that action is needed on many fronts. Tackling inequalities continues to be our core business for economic reasons, for fair societies with equal opportunities, and not least for the well-being of our citizens.