Too many workers leave the labour market permanently due to health problems or disability, and too few people with reduced work capacity manage to remain in employment. This report, the last in the OECD series Sickness, Disability and Work: Breaking the Barriers, synthesises the project’s findin
This series of country-specific reviews of labour makret and social policies examines policies and institutions and makes recommendations for improvements.
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This note presents main issues on the role of growth and employment/unemployment developments in explaining recent income inequality trends in Brazil, China, India and South Africa, and discusses the roles played by labour market and social policies in shaping and addressing these inequalities.
The conference aims to address the links between labour market outcomes and inequality in emerging economies and to consider which labour market and social policies can help governments in alleviating poverty and in promoting more inclusive societies.
Indonesia has made considerable progress over the years in improving the social conditions of its population, especially among disadvantaged groups, not least by raising government spending and strengthening social protection programmes.
Macro-level changes can have substantial effects on the distribution of resources at the household level. While it is possible to speculate about which groups are likely to be hardest-hit, detailed distributional studies are still largely backward-looking.
This paper compares notional defined-contribution pension schemes (also known as notional accounts) with two alternative designs of earnings-related pension schemes: points systems and definedbenefit plans.
Greater integration into the world economy and important policy reforms have resulted in Brazil, China, India and South Africa becoming major actors in the globalisation process, with impressive results in terms of economic growth, social development and poverty reduction. But the benefits of stronger growth have not always been shared equally and income inequality has remained at very high levels.
The pensionable age is the most visible parameter of retirement-income systems. This paper surveys pensionable ages in the OECD for a period of a century: back to 1950 and forward to 2050.
This working paper presents the Israeli labor migration scheme that lies not only by socio-economic considerations but also by geopolitical interests. These were linked to the articulation of a unilateral "separation" paradigm between Israelis and Palestinians that prevailed during the Oslo year