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This paper presents information on trends and composition of social expenditure across the OECD. This paper also accounts for the effects of the tax system and private social expenditure.
Special pensions for workers in hazardous or arduous jobs have long been a feature of the pension landscape and, recently, they are the subject of a great deal of debate. This paper discusses the incidence, structure and justification of these special pension schemes in OECD countries.
Labour market outcomes have improved markedly in the past years as the beneficial effects of the economic upswing were reinforced by important structural reforms.
- Economic Survey of Slovenia 2009
This report analyses the main challenges for labour market and social policies in Slovenia and considers the available policy options from the perspective of OECD countries' experience. Slovenia has one of the most equal income distributions in the world and a tradition of social dialogue. However, its unemployment insurance and employment service system are not sufficient to deal effectively with the present economic crisis and the
This report analyses the implications of recent developments in Chile's labour market and social policy and considers the available policy options from the perspective of OECD member&
This paper uses a large dataset combining census, household survey and budgetary data for nearly 4 000 Brazilian municipalities to estimate the impact of government spending on education and health outcomes.
- Economic Survey of Brazil 2009
Our findings show that an increase in the minimum to mean wage ratio is associated with a net increase in employment: a rise in informal sector employment more than compensates for job losses in the formal sector.
- Economic Assessment of Indonesia 2008
This paper breaks new ground by providing comparable estimates of intergenerational wage and education persistence across 14 European OECD countries based on a new micro data from Eurostat.
This paper focuses on inequalities in learning opportunities for individuals coming from different socio-economic backgrounds as a measure of (in) equality of opportunity in OECD countries and looks at the role played by policies and institutions in shaping countries’ relative positions.
This paper assesses recent patterns in intergenerational social mobility across OECD countries and examines the role that public policies can play in affecting such mobility.