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This survey summarises the insights that the new literature based on subjective data has shed on the issue of income inequality and income comparisons. It reviews the various channels that relate income distribution and subjective well-being.
IZA and OECD jointly organize a workshop on February 8 and 9, 2010, in Paris on assessing the impact of the current economic crisis on employment status and incomes at the household level.
English, , 2,925kb
This paper discusses how governments can “seize the moment” of the economic crisis to suggest and implement structural reforms. It examines the particular challenges to reform – and possible solutions to those challenges.
Assessing the progress and failings of our societies requires a far broader set of measures than just economic indicators.
As attention shifts to fiscal consolidation, sustaining output growth will depend increasingly on private domestic demand, requiring reforms, particularly in the labour market and the non-manufacturing sector.
Why are some policy reforms implemented while others languish? This new report aims to answer this important question by looking backwards -- at 20 structural reform efforts in 10 OECD countries, during the past two decades. This page presents the principle messages of the study.
Why are some policy reforms implemented while others languish? This new report aims to answer this important question by looking backwards - at 20 structural reform efforts in 10 OECD countries, during the past two decades. The case studies cover a wide variety of reform attempts in three key areas - pensions, labour-, and product-market regulation.
Despite progress over the past decades, Greece’s educational indicators lag behind those of other OECD countries. PISA scores are low, a large number of tertiary students study abroad, and attainment rates are low at all levels of education, as discussed in this working paper.
English, Excel, 387kb
The needs of a household grow with each additional member but – due to economies of scale in consumption– not in a proportional way. With the help of equivalence scales each household type in the population is assigned a value in proportion to its needs.
English, Excel, 309kb
While work is often the best pathway out of poverty, employment does notalways guarantee an adequate living standard. At the outset of the currenteconomic downturn, the risk of in-work poverty was significant in mostOECD countries.