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With ongoing migration of the younger cohorts to urban areas, the increase in the old-age dependency ratio will be even more pronounced in rural than in urban areas.
Over the past decade, the share of jobs not controlled by the state has increased considerably, whilst employment in agriculture has declined, against the backdrop of ongoing urbanisation.
Policymaking in China has put increasing emphasis on stemming the growth in inequality. New indicators suggest that overall inequality has ceased to increase recently, and may even have declined.
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There is an increasing concern in the development community about the increase in the ‘feminisation of bad jobs’ of many developing countries. Indeed, recent analysis shows a growing proportion of women are in jobs with poor working conditions and low pay. But what is driving this phenomenon?
Chile has made impressive progress in educational attainment but still needs to catch up with OECD quality standards, and equity problems need to be addressed.
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The shift in global goods production towards Asia is well documented. But global consumer demand has so far been concentrated in the rich economies of the OECD. Will that also shift towards Asia as these countries get richer?
Israel’s economy has shown resilience during the global recession, but more active education and employment policies – particularly targeted at minority groups – are needed to bolster its economic performance and bridge deep divisions within its society, according to Angel Gurría.
This review of Israeli labour market and social policy finds that Israel has enjoyed strong economic growth over the last decade but the benefits of this are being distributed unevenly.
Israel’s education system produces many tertiary graduates but there are wide gaps across society and core skills at secondary school are weak.
This report presents a detailed analysis of changes in poverty and inequality since the fall of Apartheid, and the potential drivers of such developments. National survey data used show that South Africa’s high aggregate level of income inequality increased between 1993 and 2008...