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Background Note - OECD Development Centre-UNESCO 12th March 2010 event
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Joint UNESCO-OECD Development Centre International Workshop on "Gender Equality and Progress in Societies"
It is easier to climb the social ladder and earn more than one’s parents in the Nordic countries, Australia and Canada than in France, Italy, Britain and the United States, according to a new OECD study.
In recent years, policymaking in China has put increasing emphasis on stemming the growth in inequality, which had been fairly steep since the 1980s.
With ongoing migration of the younger cohorts to urban areas, the increase in the old-age dependency ratio will be even more pronounced in rural than in urban areas.
Over the past decade, the share of jobs not controlled by the state has increased considerably, whilst employment in agriculture has declined, against the backdrop of ongoing urbanisation.
Policymaking in China has put increasing emphasis on stemming the growth in inequality. New indicators suggest that overall inequality has ceased to increase recently, and may even have declined.
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There is an increasing concern in the development community about the increase in the ‘feminisation of bad jobs’ of many developing countries. Indeed, recent analysis shows a growing proportion of women are in jobs with poor working conditions and low pay. But what is driving this phenomenon?
Chile has made impressive progress in educational attainment but still needs to catch up with OECD quality standards, and equity problems need to be addressed.