Over the past decades, top incomes have soared, especially in the English-speaking countries. Despite a considerable amount of research on top income developments, there is still substantial disagreement about the causes for their rapid increase.
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This paper documents the increase in labour disputes in China and seeks to understand their determinants. It was written as a background document for the Perspectives on Global Development 2012: Social cohesion in a shifting world along with case studies on Chile and India.
This blogpost offers some projections for the future of families and calls for strengthening the links among family-relevant aspects of different policy domains, such as care for children and the elderly, labour market, education, technology and housing.
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Updated estimates of the additional financial resources needed in developing countries to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are presented in this paper. The international community needs to broaden its notion of development co-operation to reach the MDGs by the 2015 deadline.
Literacy for Life is the second report from the Adult Literacy and Life Skills Survey. It presents additional results on the nature and magnitude of the literacy gaps faced by OECD countries and how these gaps have evolved over the medium term.
It offers new insights into the factors that influence the formation of adult skills in various settings – at home and at work – for the eleven countries participating in the first and last round of data collection between 2003 and 2008. The study offers comparative evidence on the impact of various factors on the supply of skill. The study offers a special focus on numeracy skills and problem solving skills. It explores the relationships between numeracy and key socio-demographic factors as well as labour market outcomes and earnings.
It highlights the importance of problem solving skills by defining this foundational skill and by exploring its determinants as well as its relative role in influencing important labour market outcomes.
The report offers also an analysis of performance across multiple skill domains. It investigates the skill profiles of various population groups defined in terms of the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of those who score at levels deemed to be low in one or more skill domains and explores the resulting consequences.
The report concludes by investigating the issue of skill mismatch in the labour market and its relationship to adult learning. The extent and distribution of mismatch between the day-to-day literacy related requirements of workers and the literacy skills they have obtained is an important issue that is being explored in this study.
Using plant-level data from the Annual Survey of Industries for the fiscal years 1998-99 through 2007-08, this study provides plant-level cross-state/time-series evidence of the impact of employment protection legislation on total factor productivity¨and labour productivity in India.
Society at a Glance – Asia/Pacific Edition 2011 offers a concise quantitative overview of social trends and policies across Asia/Pacific countries and economies.
Overall, the education system fares well by international comparison. Slovenia has one of the highest shares of the population aged 25 to 64 to have completed at least upper secondary education, and ranks high in international educational achievement tests.
Prevalence of disability and mental health disorders, share of disability benefit recipients, employment and unemployment rates of persons with a disability, etc.
По мнению ОЭСР Российской Федерации, необходимо стимулировать процесс модернизации экономики для обеспечения долгосрочного развития страны и решения проблем, связанных с неравномерным распределением доходов.